Federative Republic of Brazil
ブラジル連邦共和国

INPUT DATA :

Number of matched data : 901 / Number of edible data : 510 / Number of medicinal data : 391
Species NameUpperClassification
(Region ; Classification)
FamilyNameCommonName Purpose大分類(部位 ; 分類)科名一般名Reference
Abelmoschus esculentus
plants(fruit)Malvaceaeokraedible植物アオイ科オクラ
アメリカネリ
オカレンコン
USDA, freshfruits and vegetables (2012)
Abrus precatorius
plants(vegetables)FabaceaeJequirity
Crab's eye
Indian liquorice
medicinal植物(野菜)マメ科トウアズキMedicinal Plants of the World by Ivan A.Ross,Vol.1,ISBN 1-58829-281-9.
Abutilon esculentum
plants(leaves,petals : Vegetable)Malvaceaeedible植物アオイ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Acanthospermum australe
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Achillea millefolium
plants(flavouring)AsteraceaeYarrow
milfoil
soldier's woundwort
medicinal植物キク科セイヨウノコギリソウ
ヤロウ
M.C.T.Duarte et al.,J.Ethnopharmacol.,97,(2005),305
Achyrocline satureioides
medicinalDuarte,J.Ethnopharmacol.,111,(2007),197
M.C.T.Duarte et al.,J.Ethnopharmacol.,97,(2005),305
Acrocomia aculeata
plantsArecaceaemedicinal植物ヤシ科アクロコミア・アクレアタFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Acrocomia lasiospatha
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科アクロコミア・ラシオスパタU. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Adenocalymma alliaceum
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Aegiphila lhotskiana
medicinalLima,J.Ethnopharmacol.,105,(2006),137
Aeollanthus suaveolens
plantsLamiaceaemedicinal植物シソ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Agaricus blazei
mushroomsAgaricaceaemedicinalキノコハラタケ科アガリクス
ヒメマツタケ
E. Boa, Wild edible fungi, A global overview of their use and importance to people, Non-wood Forest Products 17, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation (2004) ISBN 92-5-105157-7
Aleurites moluccana
plantsEuphorbiaceaemedicinal植物トウダイグサ科ククイ
ククイノキ
キャンドルナッツ
Svetaz,J.Ethnopharmacol.,127,(2010),137
Allagoptera arenaria
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科アラゴプテラ・アレナリアJ. Haynes and J. Mclaughlin, Edible palms and their uses, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50 of the UF/Miami-Dade County Extension office (2000)
J. Haynes, J. McLaughlin, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50-1, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science, Edible palms and their uses, (2000)
Allagoptera brevicalyx
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科J. Haynes and J. Mclaughlin, Edible palms and their uses, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50 of the UF/Miami-Dade County Extension office (2000)
J. Haynes, J. McLaughlin, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50-1, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science, Edible palms and their uses, (2000)
Allagoptera campestris
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科アラゴプテラ・カンペストリスJ. Haynes and J. Mclaughlin, Edible palms and their uses, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50 of the UF/Miami-Dade County Extension office (2000)
J. Haynes, J. McLaughlin, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50-1, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science, Edible palms and their uses, (2000)
Allagoptera leucocalyx
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科アラゴプテラ・レウコカリクスJ. Haynes and J. Mclaughlin, Edible palms and their uses, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50 of the UF/Miami-Dade County Extension office (2000)
J. Haynes, J. McLaughlin, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50-1, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science, Edible palms and their uses, (2000)
Allium cepa
plantsAmaryllidaceae
Alliaceae
Liliaceae
Onionmedicinal植物ヒガンバナ科
ネギ科
ユリ科
タマネギ
ハタマネギ
スカーリオン
プチオニオン
ペコロス
エシャロット
エスカロール
シャロット
ベルギー・エシャロット
ヤグラタマネギ
エジプシアン・オニオン
ツリー・オニオン
Medicinal Plants of the World by Ivan A.Ross,Vol.2,ISBN 0-89603-877-7.
Allium cepa L.
plantsAmaryllidaceae
Alliaceae
Liliaceae
medicinal植物ヒガンバナ科
ネギ科
ユリ科
タマネギFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Allium fistulosum
plantsAmaryllidaceae
Alliaceae
Liliaceae
Bunching onion
Welsh onion
Scallion
edible植物ヒガンバナ科
ネギ科
ユリ科
ワケギ
ネギ
ユウザキネブカ
ヤマトフトネギ
ネブカ
ヒトモジ
A.Begossi et al., J. Ethnobiol. 13,(1993),233-256
Allium sativum L.
plants(vegetable,condiments,flavoring)Amaryllidaceae
Alliaceae
Liliaceae
medicinal植物ヒガンバナ科
ネギ科
ユリ科
ニンニク
ガーリック
オオビル
Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Medicinal Plants of the World by Ivan A.Ross,Vol.1,ISBN 1-58829-281-9.
Allium schoenoprasum
plantsAmaryllidaceae
Alliaceae
Liliaceae
Asatsuki
Chives
medicinal植物ヒガンバナ科
ネギ科
ユリ科
アサツキ
ワケギ
チャイブ
チャイブズ
シブレット
エゾネギ
イトネギ
センボンワケギ
センブキ
Duarte,J.Ethnopharmacol.,111,(2007),197
M.C.T.Duarte et al.,J.Ethnopharmacol.,97,(2005),305
Allium tripilla
plantsAmaryllidaceae
Alliaceae
Liliaceae
medicinal植物ヒガンバナ科
ネギ科
ユリ科
Duarte,J.Ethnopharmacol.,111,(2007),197
Alocasia macrorrhiza
plants(stem,corm)Araceaeedible植物サトイモ科マクロリザ
インドクワズイモ
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Aloe vera
plantsXanthorrhoeaceae
Asphodelaceae
Liliaceae
aloe
Barbados aloe
Curacao aloe
edible植物ススキノキ科
ツルボラン科
ユリ科
アロエ
ロカイ
シンロカイ
キュラソーアロエ
M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Aloe vera
plantsXanthorrhoeaceae
Asphodelaceae
Liliaceae
aloe
Barbados aloe
Curacao aloe
medicinal植物ススキノキ科
ツルボラン科
ユリ科
アロエ
ロカイ
シンロカイ
キュラソーアロエ
Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Medicinal Plants of the World by Ivan A.Ross,Vol.1,ISBN 1-58829-281-9.
Alosia gratssima
medicinalM.C.T.Duarte et al.,J.Ethnopharmacol.,97,(2005),305
Aloysia triphylla
medicinalM.C.T.Duarte et al.,J.Ethnopharmacol.,97,(2005),305
Alpinia nutans
plantsZingiberaceaemedicinal植物ショウガ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Alsodeia physiphora
plantsViolaceaeedible植物スミレ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Alternanthera sessilis
plantsAmaranthaceaemedicinal植物ヒユ科ツルノゲイトウ
ホシノゲイトウ
Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Amaranthus viridis
plantsAmaranthaceaeedible植物ヒユ科ホナガイヌビユ
アオビユ
M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Amasonia campestris
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Ambrosia microcephala
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Anacardium giganteum
plantsAnacardiaceaemedicinal植物ウルシ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Anacardium humile
plantsAnacardiaceaeedible植物ウルシ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Anacardium occidental
plantsAnacardiaceaemedicinal植物ウルシ科南米薬用植物ガイドブック PART.1、南米薬用ハーブ普及会、(2001)、ISBN 978-4990081706
Anacardium occidentale
plantsAnacardiaceaeCashew nuts
Cashew
Maranon
acajou
edible植物ウルシ科カシューナッツ
マガタマノミ
M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Anacardium occidentale
plantsAnacardiaceaeCashew nuts
Cashew
Maranon
acajou
medicinal植物ウルシ科カシューナッツ
マガタマノミ
Medicinal Plants of the World by Ivan A.Ross,Vol.2,ISBN 0-89603-877-7.
Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Anacardium occidentale Linn.
plantsAnacardiaceaemedicinal植物ウルシ科Abani,(2007),Medicinal Plants & Their Uses(2)Published(2007) by ABOSARBangladesh). ISBN 984-415-220-8
Ananas ananassoides
plantsBromeliaceaemedicinal植物パイナップル科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Ananas comosus
plantsBromeliaceaepineappleedible植物パイナップル科パイナップル
パインアップル
アナナス
USDA, freshfruits and vegetables (2012)
Ananas comosus
plantsBromeliaceaepineapplemedicinal植物パイナップル科パイナップル
パインアップル
アナナス
Medicinal Plants of the World by Ivan A.Ross,Vol.2,ISBN 0-89603-877-7.
Ananas sativus
plantsBromeliaceaeedible植物パイナップル科パイナップル
パインアップル
アナナス
M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Ananus comosus Merr.
medicinalAbani,(2007),Medicinal Plants & Their Uses(2)Published(2007) by ABOSARBangladesh). ISBN 984-415-220-8
Anchoviella lepidentostole
seafoodEngraulidaeedible魚介類カタクチイワシ科ギンオビイワシSilvia Salas et al (Ed), Coastal fisheries of latin America and the Caribbean, FAO, 544 (2011)
Andira inermis
medicinalLima,J.Ethnopharmacol.,105,(2006),137
Annona cherimola
plantsAnnonaceaecherimoya
custard apple
edible植物バンレイシ科チェリモヤU. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Annona crassiflora
plantsAnnonaceaemedicinal植物バンレイシ科Lima,J.Ethnopharmacol.,105,(2006),137
Annona montana
plantsAnnonaceaeedible植物バンレイシ科ヤマトゲバンレイシM. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Annona muricata
plantsAnnonaceaeedible植物バンレイシ科トゲバンレイシ
オランダドリアン
サワーサップ
シャシャップ
サワーソップ
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Annona muricata
plantsAnnonaceaemedicinal植物バンレイシ科トゲバンレイシ
オランダドリアン
サワーサップ
シャシャップ
サワーソップ
Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Lima,J.Ethnopharmacol.,105,(2006),137
Annona muricata L.
plantsAnnonaceaemedicinal植物バンレイシ科トゲバンレイシ
オランダドリアン
サワーサップ
シャシャップ
サワーソップ
Medicinal Plants of the World by Ivan A.Ross,Vol.1,ISBN 1-58829-281-9.
Annona reticulata
plantsAnnonaceaeedible植物バンレイシ科ギュウシンリU. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Annona salzmannii
plantsAnnonaceaemedicinal植物バンレイシ科Lima,J.Ethnopharmacol.,105,(2006),137
Annona squamosa
plantsAnnonaceaeedible植物バンレイシ科バンレイシ
蕃茘枝
シャカトウ
釈迦頭
シュガーアップル
A.Begossi et al., J. Ethnobiol. 13,(1993),233-256
Anthemis nobilis
plants(flavouring)Asteraceaemedicinal植物キク科ローマンカモミール
ローマンカモマイル
Duarte,J.Ethnopharmacol.,111,(2007),197
M.C.T.Duarte et al.,J.Ethnopharmacol.,97,(2005),305
Aphandra natalia
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科アファンドラ・ナタリアJ. Haynes and J. Mclaughlin, Edible palms and their uses, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50 of the UF/Miami-Dade County Extension office (2000)
J. Haynes, J. McLaughlin, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50-1, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science, Edible palms and their uses, (2000)
Apis mellifera
insects(honeydew, beeswax, larvae, eggs, pupas, prepupas, honey storage : insects)Apidaeedible昆虫類(蜜,蜜蝋,幼虫,卵,蛹,前蛹,貯蔵蜜 : )ミツバチ科セイヨウミツバチJun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Apis mellifera scutellata
insects(eggs, larvae, pupas, honeydew, honey storage, pollen : insects)Apidaeedible昆虫類(卵,幼虫,蛹,蜜,貯蔵蜜,花粉 : )ミツバチ科アフリカミツバチJun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Apoica pallens
insects(larvae, pupas, imagoes : insects)Vespidaeedible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹,成虫 : )アシナガバチ科
スズメバチ科
Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Arachis hypogaea
plantsFabaceaepeanutedible植物マメ科ラッカセイ
ピーナッツ
ナンキンマメ
トウジンマメ
ジマメ
地豆
M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Arapaima gigas
seafoodOsteoglossidaeedible魚介類アロワナ科ピラルクーFAO Fishery Statistics (2010)
Arctium lappa
plants(pith of flower stalk)Asteraceaeedible burdockedible植物キク科ゴボウ
ウダキンゴボウ
カオリゴボウ
ゴボウシ
ゴンボ
USDA, freshfruits and vegetables (2012)
Aristolochia peltato-deltoidea
plantsAristolochiaceaemedicinal植物ウマノスズクサ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Aristolochia ridicula
plantsAristolochiaceaemedicinal植物ウマノスズクサ科Macchado,Phytochem.,66,(2005),669
Aristolochia rodriguesii
plantsAristolochiaceaemedicinal植物ウマノスズクサ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Arrabidaea brachypoda (DC.)
medicinalda Rocha,J.Ethnopharmacol.,133,(2011),396
Arrabidaea chica
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Artemisia annua
plantsAsteraceaeSweet wormwood
Sweet Annie
medicinal植物キク科クソニンジンDuarte,J.Ethnopharmacol.,111,(2007),197
M.C.T.Duarte et al.,J.Ethnopharmacol.,97,(2005),305
Artemisia camphorata
plantsAsteraceaemedicinal植物キク科Duarte,J.Ethnopharmacol.,111,(2007),197
Artocarpus brasiliensis
plantsMoraceaeedible植物クワ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Artocarpus heterophyllus
plants(young male inflorescences)Moraceaeedible植物クワ科ジャック・フルーツ
ナガミパンノキ
パラミツ
ジャックフルーツ
Baliga,Food Res.International,(2011)
Artocarpus integrifolia
plantsMoraceaeedible植物クワ科ジャック・フルーツ
ナガミパンノキ
パラミツ
ジャックフルーツ
A.Begossi et al., J. Ethnobiol. 13,(1993),233-256
Arundo saccharifera
plantsPoaceaeedible植物イネ科M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Asparagus officinalis var. altilis
plantsAsparagaceae
Liliaceae
edible植物クサスギカズラ科
キジカクシ科
ユリ科
アスパラガス
マツバウド
セイヨウウド
オランダキジカクシ
USDA, freshfruits and vegetables (2012)
Astrocaryum acaule
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科アストロカリウム・アカウレJ. Haynes and J. Mclaughlin, Edible palms and their uses, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50 of the UF/Miami-Dade County Extension office (2000)
J. Haynes, J. McLaughlin, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50-1, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science, Edible palms and their uses, (2000)
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Astrocaryum aculeatum
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科ホシダネヤシ
クロガネヤシ
J. Haynes and J. Mclaughlin, Edible palms and their uses, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50 of the UF/Miami-Dade County Extension office (2000)
J. Haynes, J. McLaughlin, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50-1, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science, Edible palms and their uses, (2000)
Astrocaryum aculeatum
plantsArecaceaemedicinal植物ヤシ科ホシダネヤシ
クロガネヤシ
Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Astrocaryum campestre
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科アストロカリウム・カンペストレJ. Haynes and J. Mclaughlin, Edible palms and their uses, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50 of the UF/Miami-Dade County Extension office (2000)
J. Haynes, J. McLaughlin, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50-1, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science, Edible palms and their uses, (2000)
Astrocaryum gynacanthum
plantsArecaceaemedicinal植物ヤシ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Astrocaryum jauari
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科アストロカリウム・ヤウアリJ. Haynes and J. Mclaughlin, Edible palms and their uses, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50 of the UF/Miami-Dade County Extension office (2000)
J. Haynes, J. McLaughlin, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50-1, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science, Edible palms and their uses, (2000)
Astrocaryum murumuru
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科アストロカリウム・ムルムルJ. Haynes and J. Mclaughlin, Edible palms and their uses, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50 of the UF/Miami-Dade County Extension office (2000)
J. Haynes, J. McLaughlin, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50-1, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science, Edible palms and their uses, (2000)
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Astrocaryum tucuma
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科ホシダネヤシ
クロガネヤシ
J. Haynes and J. Mclaughlin, Edible palms and their uses, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50 of the UF/Miami-Dade County Extension office (2000)
J. Haynes, J. McLaughlin, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50-1, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science, Edible palms and their uses, (2000)
Astrocaryum vulgare
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科アストロカリウム・ヴルガレJ. Haynes and J. Mclaughlin, Edible palms and their uses, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50 of the UF/Miami-Dade County Extension office (2000)
J. Haynes, J. McLaughlin, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50-1, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science, Edible palms and their uses, (2000)
Atta bisphaerica
insects(alate imagoes : insects)Formicidaeedible昆虫類(有翅成虫 : )アリ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Atta capiguara
insects(imagoes : insects)Formicidaeedible昆虫類(成虫 : )アリ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Atta cephalotes
insects(reproductive , alate, imagoes : insects)Formicidaeedible昆虫類(生殖成虫,有翅成虫,成虫 : )アリ科ハキリアリ類Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Atta laevigata
insects(alate imagoes, imagoes, soldier ants, queen ants : insects)Formicidaeedible昆虫類(有翅成虫,成虫,兵アリ,女王アリ : )アリ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Atta opacipes
insects(imagoes : insects)Formicidaeedible昆虫類(成虫 : )アリ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Atta sexdens
insects(alate imagoes, imagoes : insects)Formicidaeedible昆虫類(有翅成虫,成虫 : )アリ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Atta spp.
insects(imagoes : insects)Formicidaeedible昆虫類(成虫 : )アリ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Attalea butyracea
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科アッタレア・ブティラケアJ. Haynes, J. McLaughlin, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50-1, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science, Edible palms and their uses, (2000)
Attalea cohune
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科アッタレア・コフネ
コフネヤシ
J. Haynes, J. McLaughlin, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50-1, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science, Edible palms and their uses, (2000)
Attalea compta
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科アッタレア・コンプタU. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Attalea maripa
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科マキシミリアンヤシJ. Haynes and J. Mclaughlin, Edible palms and their uses, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50 of the UF/Miami-Dade County Extension office (2000)
J. Haynes, J. McLaughlin, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50-1, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science, Edible palms and their uses, (2000)
Attalea martiana
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科J. Haynes and J. Mclaughlin, Edible palms and their uses, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50 of the UF/Miami-Dade County Extension office (2000)
J. Haynes, J. McLaughlin, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50-1, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science, Edible palms and their uses, (2000)
Attalea oleifera
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科アッタレア・オレイフェラM. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Attalea spectabilis
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科アッタレア・スペクタビリスJ. Haynes and J. Mclaughlin, Edible palms and their uses, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50 of the UF/Miami-Dade County Extension office (2000)
J. Haynes, J. McLaughlin, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50-1, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science, Edible palms and their uses, (2000)
Auricularia fuscosuccinea
mushroomsAuriculariaceaeedibleキノコキクラゲ科キクラゲモドキE. Boa, Wild edible fungi, A global overview of their use and importance to people, Non-wood Forest Products 17, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation (2004) ISBN 92-5-105157-7
Auxemma oncocalyx
medicinalLima,J.Ethnopharmacol.,105,(2006),137
Averrhoa carambola
plantsOxalidaceaestar fruit
carambola
medicinal植物カタバミ科スターフルーツ
ゴレンシ
Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Averrhoa carambola L.
plantsOxalidaceaeedible植物カタバミ科スターフルーツ
ゴレンシ
Soncini,J.Ethnopharmacol.,133,(2011),353
Averrhoa carambola L.
plantsOxalidaceaemedicinal植物カタバミ科スターフルーツ
ゴレンシ
Soncini,J.Ethnopharmacol.,133,(2011),353
Ayapana triplinervis
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Aydendron firmulum
plantsLauraceaeedible植物クスノキ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Baccharis dracunculifolia
medicinalM.C.T.Duarte et al.,J.Ethnopharmacol.,97,(2005),305
Baccharis trimera
medicinalDuarte,J.Ethnopharmacol.,111,(2007),197
M.C.T.Duarte et al.,J.Ethnopharmacol.,97,(2005),305
Baccharis trimera (Less) DC
medicinalGrance,J.Ethnopharmacol.,117,(2008),28
Bactris brongniartii
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科バクトリス・ブロンニャールティーJ. Haynes and J. Mclaughlin, Edible palms and their uses, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50 of the UF/Miami-Dade County Extension office (2000)
J. Haynes, J. McLaughlin, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50-1, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science, Edible palms and their uses, (2000)
Bactris concinna
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科バクトリス・コンキンナJ. Haynes and J. Mclaughlin, Edible palms and their uses, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50 of the UF/Miami-Dade County Extension office (2000)
J. Haynes, J. McLaughlin, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50-1, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science, Edible palms and their uses, (2000)
Bactris gasipaes
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科モモヤシ
クリヤシ
チョンタドゥーロ
J. Haynes and J. Mclaughlin, Edible palms and their uses, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50 of the UF/Miami-Dade County Extension office (2000)
J. Haynes, J. McLaughlin, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50-1, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science, Edible palms and their uses, (2000)
Bactris gasipaes
plantsArecaceaemedicinal植物ヤシ科モモヤシ
クリヤシ
チョンタドゥーロ
Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Bactris macana
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科バクトリス・マカナJ. Haynes and J. Mclaughlin, Edible palms and their uses, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50 of the UF/Miami-Dade County Extension office (2000)
J. Haynes, J. McLaughlin, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50-1, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science, Edible palms and their uses, (2000)
Bactris major
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科ハナブサヤシJ. Haynes and J. Mclaughlin, Edible palms and their uses, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50 of the UF/Miami-Dade County Extension office (2000)
J. Haynes, J. McLaughlin, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50-1, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science, Edible palms and their uses, (2000)
Bactris maraja
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科バクトリス・マラヤJ. Haynes, J. McLaughlin, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50-1, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science, Edible palms and their uses, (2000)
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Balistes capriscus
seafoodBalistidaeedible魚介類モンガラカワハギ科ネズミモンガラSilvia Salas et al (Ed), Coastal fisheries of latin America and the Caribbean, FAO, 544 (2011)
Banisteria crotonifolia
plantsMalpigiaceaeedible植物キントラノオ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Bauhinia forficata
plantsFabaceaemedicinal植物マメ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Svetaz,J.Ethnopharmacol.,127,(2010),137
Bauhinia forficata L.
plantsFabaceaemedicinal植物マメ科Volpato,J.Ethnopharmacol.,116,(2008),131
Bauhinia guianensis
plantsFabaceaemedicinal植物マメ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Begonia cucullata
plantsBegoniaceaeedible植物シュウカイドウ科シキザキベゴニア
シキザキシュウカイドウ
シロバナベゴニア
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Bellucia brasiliensis
plantsMelastomataceaeedible植物ノボタン科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Bertholletia excelsa
plantsLecythidaceaeedible植物サガリバナ科ブラジルナッツ
ブラジルナッツノキ
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Bertholletia excelsa
plantsLecythidaceaemedicinal植物サガリバナ科ブラジルナッツ
ブラジルナッツノキ
Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Bidens pilosa L.
plantsAsteraceaemedicinal植物キク科コセンダングサCosta,J.Ethnopharmacol.,118,(2008),86
Kviecinski,J.Ethnopharmacol.,117,(2008),69
Bixa orellana
plantsBixaceaeAnnatto
Achiote
Lipstick tree
edible植物ベニノキ科ベニノキ
リップスティックツリー
M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Bixa orellana
plantsBixaceaeAnnatto
Achiote
Lipstick tree
medicinal植物ベニノキ科ベニノキ
リップスティックツリー
Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Boerhavia diffusa
plantsNyctaginaceaemedicinal植物オシロイバナ科ナハカノコソウFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Bowdichia virgilioides
medicinalVelozo,Phytochem.,52,(1999),1473
Brachygaster mellifica
insects(honey storage : insects)Evaniidaeedible昆虫類(貯蔵蜜 : )ヤセバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Brachygastra lecheguana
insects(eggs, larvae, pupas, honeydew, honey storage : insects)edible昆虫類(卵,幼虫,蛹,蜜,貯蔵蜜 : )ホソアシナガバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Brassica oleracea
plantsBrassicaceaecauliflower
broccoli
edible植物アブラナ科カリフラワー
ハナキャベツ
ハナヤサイ
ブロッコリー
キャベツ
カンラン
タマナ
レッドキャベツ
ケール
リョクヨウカンラン
ハゴロモカンラン
ハボタン
コールラビ
キュウケイカンラン
カブカンラン
プチヴェール
メキャベツ
コモチカンラン
ヒメカンラン
ヒメキャベツ
ヤセイカンラン
ワイルドキャベツ
ハナランカン
A.Begossi et al., J. Ethnobiol. 13,(1993),233-256
USDA, freshfruits and vegetables (2012)
Brassica oleracea
plantsBrassicaceaecauliflower
broccoli
medicinal植物アブラナ科カリフラワー
ハナキャベツ
ハナヤサイ
ブロッコリー
キャベツ
カンラン
タマナ
レッドキャベツ
ケール
リョクヨウカンラン
ハゴロモカンラン
ハボタン
コールラビ
キュウケイカンラン
カブカンラン
プチヴェール
メキャベツ
コモチカンラン
ヒメカンラン
ヒメキャベツ
ヤセイカンラン
ワイルドキャベツ
ハナランカン
Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Brassolis sophorae
insects(larvae : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫 : )ブラソリダエ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Bromelia karatas
plantsBromeliaceaeedible植物パイナップル科ブロメリア・カラタスM. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Brosimum acutifolium
plantsMoraceaemedicinal植物クワ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Brosimum rubescens
plantsMoraceaemedicinal植物クワ科Shirota,Phytochemistry,47,(1998),1381
Brugmansia suaveolens
medicinalSchimidt,J.Ethnopharmacol.,122,(2009),523
Bursera icicariba
plantsBurseraceaeedible植物カンラン科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Butia capitata
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科ブラジルヤシ
ココス
ヤタイヤシ
ココスヤシ
J. Haynes and J. Mclaughlin, Edible palms and their uses, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50 of the UF/Miami-Dade County Extension office (2000)
J. Haynes, J. McLaughlin, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50-1, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science, Edible palms and their uses, (2000)
Butia eriospatha
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科ウーリー・ブティアパーム
ブティア・エリオスパタ
ウーリーブラジルヤシ
J. Haynes and J. Mclaughlin, Edible palms and their uses, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50 of the UF/Miami-Dade County Extension office (2000)
J. Haynes, J. McLaughlin, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50-1, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science, Edible palms and their uses, (2000)
Caesalpinia ferrea
plantsFabaceaemedicinal植物マメ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Caesalpinia pyramidalis
plantsFabaceaemedicinal植物マメ科Lima,J.Ethnopharmacol.,105,(2006),137
Cajanus cajan
plantsFabaceaeedible植物マメ科キマメ
リュウキュウマメ
A.Begossi et al., J. Ethnobiol. 13,(1993),233-256
M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Cajanus cajan
plantsFabaceaemedicinal植物マメ科キマメ
リュウキュウマメ
Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Caladium bicolor
plantsAraceaemedicinal植物サトイモ科ニシキイモ
ハイモ
ハニシキ
Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Caladium lindenii
plantsAraceaemedicinal植物サトイモ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Callaeum antifebrile
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Calycophyllum spruceanum DC.
medicinalCardona,Phytochem.,64,(2003),549
Calyptranthes aromatica
plantsMyrtaceaeedible植物フトモモ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Calyptranthes obscura
plantsMyrtaceaeedible植物フトモモ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Camellia thea
plants(flowers)Theaceaeedible植物ツバキ科チャ
チャノキ
カメッリア・テア
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Campomanesia dichotoma
plantsMyrtaceaeedible植物フトモモ科M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Canavalia ensiformis
plants(young leaves,flowers)Fabaceaeedible植物マメ科タチナタマメU. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Canna indica
plants(rhizome : starch)Cannaceaeedible植物カンナ科ダンドク
アカバナダンドク
M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Capsicum annuum
plantsSolanaceaered pepper
chilli pepper
chili pepper
Ornamental pepper
edible植物ナス科トウガラシ
アンヌウム
シシトウ
シシトウガラシ
アオトウガラシ
アマトウガラシ
ピーマン
パプリカ
ヒモトウガラシ
ムラサキトウガラシ
A.Begossi et al., J. Ethnobiol. 13,(1993),233-256
M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Capsicum annuum var. frutescens
plantsSolanaceaeedible植物ナス科M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Capsicum annuum var.frutescens
plantsSolanaceaemedicinal植物ナス科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Capsicum frutescens
plantsSolanaceaeTabasco pepper
Hot pepper
Spur pepper
edible植物ナス科ピーマン
コーレーグース
シマトウガラシ
カイエンヌ
キダチトウガラシ
A.Begossi et al., J. Ethnobiol. 13,(1993),233-256
Carapa guianensis
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Carapa guianensis Aublet
medicinalCosta-Silva,J.Ethnopharmacol.,116,(2008),495
Carica papaya
plantsCaricaceaePapaya
Pawpaw
edible植物パパイア科パパイア
パパイヤ
バンカジュ
パウパウ
ママオ
ツリーメロン
パパヤ
モクカ
チチウリ
乳瓜
モクカ
木瓜
A.Begossi et al., J. Ethnobiol. 13,(1993),233-256
M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
USDA, freshfruits and vegetables (2012)
Carica papaya L.
plantsCaricaceaemedicinal植物パパイア科パパイア
パパイヤ
バンカジュ
パウパウ
ママオ
ツリーメロン
パパヤ
モクカ
チチウリ
乳瓜
モクカ
木瓜
Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Medicinal Plants of the World by Ivan A.Ross,Vol.1,ISBN 1-58829-281-9.
Carica speciosa
plantsCaricaceaeedible植物パパイア科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Carlotea formosissimum
plantsedible植物U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Caryobruchus sp.
insects(larvae : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫 : )マメゾウムシ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Caryocar brasiliense
plantsCaryocaraceaeedible植物バターナットノキ科カリオカル・ブラシリエンセU. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Caryocar villosum
plantsCaryocaraceaemedicinal植物バターナットノキ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Cassia alata
plantsFabaceaemedicinal植物マメ科Medicinal Plants of the World by Ivan A.Ross,Vol.1,ISBN 1-58829-281-9.
Cassia spectabilis
plantsFabaceaemedicinal植物マメ科Viegas,J.Nat.Prod.,70,(2007),2026
Catharanthus roseus
plantsApocynaceaeMadagascar periwinkle
Rosy periwinkle
Cayenne jasmine
medicinal植物キョウチクトウ科ニチニチソウ
ニチニチカ
Medicinal Plants of the World by Ivan A.Ross,Vol.1,ISBN 1-58829-281-9.
Cecropia concolor
plantsUrticaceae
Cecropiaceae
edible植物イラクサ科
ケクロピア科
M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Cecropia leucocoma
plantsUrticaceae
Cecropiaceae
medicinal植物イラクサ科
ケクロピア科
Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Cedrela odorata L.
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Cephaelis acuminata Karsten
plantsRubiaceaemedicinal植物アカネ科Takito,Medicinal plant,3rd edition (in JPN),Hirokawa Publishing CO.,(2007)
Cephaelis ipecacuanha
plantsRubiaceaeIpecacuanha
Ipecac
medicinal植物アカネ科トコンRao,Agroforestry Sys.,61,(2004),107
Cephaelis ipecacuanha (Broterol) A. Richard
plantsRubiaceaemedicinal植物アカネ科Takito,Medicinal plant,3rd edition (in JPN),Hirokawa Publishing CO.,(2007)
Cephalotrigona capitata
insects(honey storage : insects)edible昆虫類(貯蔵蜜 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Cephalotrigona femorata
insects(larvae, pupas, honey storage, pollen : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹,貯蔵蜜,花粉 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Cereus jamacaru
plantsCactaceaeedible植物サボテン科ヤマカル柱
ヤマカルチュウ
M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Chaptalia nutans (L.) Polak.
medicinalTruti,Phytochemistry,47,(1998),97
Chenopodium ambroisioides
plantsChenopodiaceae
Amaranthaceae
medicinal植物アカザ科
ヒユ科
Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Chrysobalanus icaco
plantsChrysobalanaceaeedible植物クリソバラヌス科クリソバラヌス・イカコ
イカコノキ
イカコ
ココプラム
M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Chrysobalanus icaco
plantsChrysobalanaceaemedicinal植物クリソバラヌス科クリソバラヌス・イカコ
イカコノキ
イカコ
ココプラム
Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Cichorium endivia
plantsAsteraceaeendive
chicoree endive
edible植物キク科エンダイブ
キクヂシャ
ニガヂシャ
メリケンサラダ
エンダイヴ
シコレ
キクチシャ
ニガチシャ
A.Begossi et al., J. Ethnobiol. 13,(1993),233-256
Cichorium intybus
plants(blue flowers,flowers,flower buds,blooms,roots,tubers : coffee substitute,inulin,sugar)Asteraceaechicory
Succory
edible植物キク科チコリー
キクニガナ
アンディーブ
ベルギーチコリー
トレビス
レッドチコリー
ラディッキオ
イタリアンレタス
トレビッツ
A.Begossi et al., J. Ethnobiol. 13,(1993),233-256
USDA, freshfruits and vegetables (2012)
Cinnamomum verum
plantsLauraceaemedicinal植物クスノキ科セイロンニッケイ
シナモン
Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Cinnamomum zeylanicum
plantsLauraceaeCinnamon
Ceylon cinnamon
edible植物クスノキ科シナモン
ニッケイ
ケイヒ
ニッキ
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Cissus sicyides L.
plantsVitaceaemedicinal植物ブドウ科Ferreira,J.Ethnopharmacol.,117,(2008),170
Cissus verticillata
plantsVitaceaemedicinal植物ブドウ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Citrullus lanatus
plantsCucurbitaceaeedible植物ウリ科スイカM. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Citrullus lanatus
plantsCucurbitaceaemedicinal植物ウリ科スイカFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Citrullus lanatus var. lanatus
plantsCucurbitaceaeedible植物ウリ科スイカUSDA, freshfruits and vegetables (2012)
Citrus aurantifolia
plantsRutaceaelimemedicinal植物ミカン科ライム
メキシカンライム
Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Citrus aurantifolia
plantsRutaceaelimeedible植物ミカン科ライム
メキシカンライム
A.Begossi et al., J. Ethnobiol. 13,(1993),233-256
Citrus aurantium L.
plantsRutaceaemedicinal植物ミカン科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Citrus medica
plantsRutaceaeedible植物ミカン科シトロン
マルブシュカン
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Citrus sinensis
plants(flowers : vegetable,tea)RutaceaeValencia orange
Blood Orange
edible植物ミカン科オレンジA.Begossi et al., J. Ethnobiol. 13,(1993),233-256
Citrus sinensis
plants(vegetable,tea)RutaceaeValencia orange
Blood Orange
medicinal植物ミカン科オレンジFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Citrus sp.
plantsRutaceaemedicinal植物ミカン科Takito,Medicinal plant,3rd edition (in JPN),Hirokawa Publishing CO.,(2007)
Clarias gariepinus
seafoodClariidaeedible魚介類ヒレナマズ科アフリカンクララFAO Fishery Statistics (2006)
Cleome aculeata L.
plantsCapparaceae
Capparidaceae
medicinal植物フウチョウソウ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Cleome latifolia
plantsCapparaceae
Capparidaceae
medicinal植物フウチョウソウ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Cleome rosea
plantsCapparaceae
Capparidaceae
edible植物フウチョウソウ科M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Cleome spinosa
plantsCapparaceae
Capparidaceae
medicinal植物フウチョウソウ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Clethra tinifolia
plantsClethraceaeedible植物リョウブ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Clidemia hirta
plantsMelastomataceaeedible植物ノボタン科クリデミア・ヒルタ
アメリカクサノボタン
A.Begossi et al., J. Ethnobiol. 13,(1993),233-256
M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Clusia grandiflora
plantsClusiaceae
Hypericaceae
medicinal植物フクギ科
オトギリソウ科
Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Clusia nemorosa
plantsClusiaceae
Hypericaceae
edible植物フクギ科
オトギリソウ科
クルシア・ネモロサM. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Cnidoscolus urens
plantsEuphorbiaceaemedicinal植物トウダイグサ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Cocos coronata
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科コバナスジミココヤシU. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Cocos nucifera
plantsArecaceaeCoconut palm
Coco palm
edible植物ヤシ科ココヤシ
ホンヤシ
ヤシ
ココナッツ
A.Begossi et al., J. Ethnobiol. 13,(1993),233-256
M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Cocos nucifera
plantsArecaceaeCoconut palm
Coco palm
medicinal植物ヤシ科ココヤシ
ホンヤシ
ヤシ
ココナッツ
Medicinal Plants of the World by Ivan A.Ross,Vol.3,ISBN 978-1-58829-129-5.
Cocos oleracea
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科ワカメスジミココヤシU. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Cocos ventricosa
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Coffea arabica
plantsRubiaceaeCoffee
Arabian coffee
medicinal植物アカネ科コーヒー
コーヒーノキ
アラビアコーヒー
アラビカコーヒーノキ
アラビアコーヒーノキ
Medicinal Plants of the World by Ivan A.Ross,Vol.3,ISBN 978-1-58829-129-5.
Coffea arabica
plantsRubiaceaeCoffee
Arabian coffee
edible植物アカネ科コーヒー
コーヒーノキ
アラビアコーヒー
アラビカコーヒーノキ
アラビアコーヒーノキ
A.Begossi et al., J. Ethnobiol. 13,(1993),233-256
Cola acuminata
plantsSterculiaceae
Malvaceae
edible植物アオギリ科
アオイ科
ヒメコラノキ
コーラノキ
ヒメコーラ
コラナッツ
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Collybia pseudocalopus
mushroomsTricholomataceaeedibleキノコキシメジ科E. Boa, Wild edible fungi, A global overview of their use and importance to people, Non-wood Forest Products 17, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation (2004) ISBN 92-5-105157-7
Collybia subpruinosa
mushroomsTricholomataceaeedibleキノコキシメジ科E. Boa, Wild edible fungi, A global overview of their use and importance to people, Non-wood Forest Products 17, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation (2004) ISBN 92-5-105157-7
Colocasia esculenta
plantsAraceaetaro
zuiki
edible植物サトイモ科サトイモ
イエイモ
ズイキ
ナンパクズイキ
エビイモ
キョウイモ
タイモ
ヤツガシラ
ハタイモ
タロイモ
M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
USDA, freshfruits and vegetables (2012)
Colocasia indica
plantsAraceaeedible植物サトイモ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Combratum cacoucia
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Condylocarpon isthmicum
medicinalLima,J.Ethnopharmacol.,105,(2006),137
Connarus perrottetii var. angustifolius
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Conocarpus erectus
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Copaifera martii
plantsFabaceaemedicinal植物マメ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Copernicia cerifera
plants(young inflorescence)Arecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科ロウヤシ
ブラジルロウヤシ
M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Copernicia cerifera MART
plantsArecaceaemedicinal植物ヤシ科Takito,Medicinal plant,3rd edition (in JPN),Hirokawa Publishing CO.,(2007)
Cordia multispicata
plantsBoraginaceaemedicinal植物ムラサキ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Kuroyanagi,Chem.Pharm.Bull.,49,(2001),954
Cordia nodosa
plantsBoraginaceaemedicinal植物ムラサキ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Cordia verbenacea
plantsBoraginaceaemedicinal植物ムラサキ科Duarte,J.Ethnopharmacol.,111,(2007),197
M.C.T.Duarte et al.,J.Ethnopharmacol.,97,(2005),305
Cordia verbenacea DC.
plantsBoraginaceaemedicinal植物ムラサキ科Roldao,J.Ethnopharmacol.,119,(2008),94
Cornitermes sp.
insects(alate imagoes, soldier ants, queen ants : insects)Termitidaeedible昆虫類(有翅成虫,兵アリ,女王 : )シロアリ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Costus spicatus
plantsCostaceae
Zingiberaceae
medicinal植物オオホザキアヤメ科
ショウガ科
Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Couepia rufa
plantsChrysobalanaceaeedible植物クリソバラヌス科M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Couma utilis
plantsApocynaceaeedible植物キョウチクトウ科ソルビンハU. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Crassostrea gigas
seafoodOstreidaeglant pacific oysteredible魚介類イタボガキ科マガキFAO Fishery Statistics (2006)
Crataeva tapia
plantsCapparaceae
Capparidaceae
edible植物フウチョウソウ科M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Crescentia cujete
plantsBignoniaceaeedible植物ノウゼンカズラ科フクベノキ
ヒョウタンノキ
M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Crescentia cujete L.
plantsBignoniaceaemedicinal植物ノウゼンカズラ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Croton matourensis
plantsEuphorbiaceaemedicinal植物トウダイグサ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Cucumis anguria
plantsCucurbitaceaeedible植物ウリ科ニシインドコキュウリU. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Cucumis anguria
plantsCucurbitaceaemedicinal植物ウリ科ニシインドコキュウリFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Cucumis longipes
plantsCucurbitaceaeedible植物ウリ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Cucumis melo reticulatus
plantsCucurbitaceaeedible植物ウリ科アミメロン
マスクメロン
ネットメロン
ジャコウウリ
ガリアメロン
USDA, freshfruits and vegetables (2012)
Cucumis prophetarum
plantsCucurbitaceaeedible植物ウリ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Cucumis sativus
plantsCucurbitaceaeCucumberedible植物ウリ科キュウリ
アカウリ
モーウィ
ヤマトサンジャクキュウリ
ハンジロキュウリ
キウリ
A.Begossi et al., J. Ethnobiol. 13,(1993),233-256
Cucurbita pepo
plants(flowers,fruits,leaves : vegetables)Cucurbitaceaezucchiniedible植物ウリ科ズッキーニ
ポンキン
ツルナシカボチャ
イタリアンスカッシュ
サマースカッシュ
キンシウリ
ソウメンカボチャ
ソウメンウリ
イトカボチャ
ペポカボチャ
A.Begossi et al., J. Ethnobiol. 13,(1993),233-256
M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Cuminum cyminum
plantsApiaceaeCumin
Comino
Jeera
medicinal植物セリ科クミン
クミンシード
バキン
マキン
ウマゼリ
ヒメウイキョウ
Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Cupania oblongifolia
plantsSapindaceaemedicinal植物ムクロジ科Lima,J.Ethnopharmacol.,105,(2006),137
Cupania platycarpa
plantsSapindaceaemedicinal植物ムクロジ科Lima,J.Ethnopharmacol.,105,(2006),137
Curcuma longa L.
plants(spice,coloring agent,vegetable)Zingiberaceaemedicinal植物ショウガ科ウコン
ターメリック
クルクマ
アキウコン
キゾメグサ
ウッチン
ハルディ
クニッツ
Medicinal Plants of the World by Ivan A.Ross,Vol.1,ISBN 1-58829-281-9.
Curcuma zedoaria
plants(spice)Zingiberaceaemedicinal植物ショウガ科ガジュツ
ムラサキウコン
ナツウコン
シロウコン
ウスグロ
ムラサキウッチン
ガゼツ
ゼドアリー
ホワイトターメリック
Svetaz,J.Ethnopharmacol.,127,(2010),137
Cymbopogon citrates
plantsPoaceaemedicinal植物イネ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Cymbopogon martinii
plantsPoaceaemedicinal植物イネ科Duarte,J.Ethnopharmacol.,111,(2007),197
M.C.T.Duarte et al.,J.Ethnopharmacol.,97,(2005),305
Cymbopogon winterianus
plantsPoaceaemedicinal植物イネ科Duarte,J.Ethnopharmacol.,111,(2007),197
M.C.T.Duarte et al.,J.Ethnopharmacol.,97,(2005),305
Cynara scolymus
plantsAsteraceaearticiocco
Globe artichoke
edible植物キク科アーティチョーク
チョウセンアザミ
USDA, freshfruits and vegetables (2012)
Cynoscion jamaicensis
seafoodSciaenidaeedible魚介類ニベ科ナガニベSilvia Salas et al (Ed), Coastal fisheries of latin America and the Caribbean, FAO, 544 (2011)
Cyperus articulatus
plantsCyperaceaemedicinal植物カヤツリグサ科Duarte,J.Ethnopharmacol.,111,(2007),197
M.C.T.Duarte et al.,J.Ethnopharmacol.,97,(2005),305
Cyperus rotundus
plants(famine food,wheat flour)CyperaceaeNut grass
Sedge root
Coco grass
medicinal植物カヤツリグサ科ハマスゲ
コウブシ
Duarte,J.Ethnopharmacol.,111,(2007),197
M.C.T.Duarte et al.,J.Ethnopharmacol.,97,(2005),305
Cyprinus carpio
seafoodCyprinidaecarp
common carp
edible魚介類コイ科コイ
マゴイ
ヤマトゴイ
ノゴイ
リクリクギョ
サクゴイ
ドイツゴイ
カワゴイ
カガミゴイ
FAO Fishery Statistics (2006)
Dalbergia ecastaphyllum
plantsFabaceaemedicinal植物マメ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Dalbergia monetaria
plantsFabaceaemedicinal植物マメ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Daucus carota
plantsApiaceaeCarrotedible植物セリ科ノラニンジンU. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Daucus carota
plantsApiaceaeCarrotmedicinal植物セリ科ノラニンジンMedicinal Plants of the World by Ivan A.Ross,Vol.3,ISBN 978-1-58829-129-5.
Derris floribunda
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Dieffenbachia seguine
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Dielocerus formosus
insects(pupas : insects)Tenthredinidaeedible昆虫類(蛹 : )ハバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Dioclea grandiflora Mart.
medicinalJenkins,Phytochem.,52,(1999),723
Dioclea lasiophylla Mart. ex. Benth.
medicinalBarreiros,Phytochem.,55,(2000),805
Dioscorea alata
plants(tubers : vegetalble)Dioscoreaceaeedible植物ヤマノイモ科ソロヤム
ダイジョ
大薯
ダイショ
シンショ
参薯
デンショ
田薯
オキナワヤマイモ
沖縄山芋
タイワンヤマイモ
台湾山芋
ウベ
パープルヤム
ウォーターヤム
A.Begossi et al., J. Ethnobiol. 13,(1993),233-256
Dipladenia tenuifolia
plantsApocynaceaeedible植物キョウチクトウ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Diplothemium maritimum
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Ditassa crassifolia
medicinalLima,J.Ethnopharmacol.,105,(2006),137
Dorstenia brasiliensis
plantsMoraceaemedicinal植物クワ科Uchiyama,Phytochem.,60,(2002),761
Dorstenia cayapia
plantsMoraceaemedicinal植物クワ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Drimys winteri
plantsWinteraceaeWinter's barkmedicinal植物シキミモドキ科ウィンターズバーク
ドリミス・ウィンテリ
Malheiros,Phytochem.,57,(2000),103
Svetaz,J.Ethnopharmacol.,127,(2010),137
Drimys winteri
plantsWinteraceaeWinter's barkedible植物シキミモドキ科ウィンターズバーク
ドリミス・ウィンテリ
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Duckeola ghilianii
insects(honey storage : insects)edible昆虫類(貯蔵蜜 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Durio zibethinus
plants(flowers : eaten)Bombacaceaedurianedible植物キワタ科
パンヤ科
ドリアンUSDA, freshfruits and vegetables (2012)
Dynastes hercules
insects(larvae, imagoes : insects)Scarabaeidaeedible昆虫類(幼虫,成虫 : )コガネムシ科ヘラクレスオオカブトムシJun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Elaeis guineensis
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科アブラヤシ
ギニアアブラヤシ
アフリカアブラヤシ
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Elephantopus mollis
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Eleutherina plicata
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Endopleura uchi
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Engraulis anchoita
seafoodEngraulidaeedible魚介類カタクチイワシ科アンチョイタ
アルゼンチンカタクチイワシ
Silvia Salas et al (Ed), Coastal fisheries of latin America and the Caribbean, FAO, 544 (2011)
Entadopsis polystachia
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Epidendrum mosenii
medicinalSvetaz,J.Ethnopharmacol.,127,(2010),137
Epipona quadrituberculata
insects(larvae, pupas : insects)Vespidaeedible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹 : )アシナガバチ科
スズメバチ科
Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Erisma japura
plantsVochysiaceaeedible植物ウォキシア科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Eryngium foetidum
plantsApiaceaeCulantro
Fitweed
False coriander
medicinal植物セリ科オオバコエンドロFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Erythrina mulungu
plantsFabaceaemedicinal植物マメ科Lima,J.Ethnopharmacol.,105,(2006),137
Erythroxylum vaccinifolium
plantsErythroxylaceaemedicinal植物コカノキ科南米薬用植物ガイドブック PART.1、南米薬用ハーブ普及会、(2001)、ISBN 978-4990081706
Euchroma gigantea
insects(larvae, imagoes : insects)Buprestidaeedible昆虫類(幼虫,成虫 : )タマムシ科ナンベイオオタマムシJun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Eugenia arrabidae
plantsMyrtaceaeedible植物フトモモ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Eugenia brasiliensis
plantsMyrtaceaeedible植物フトモモ科グルミチャマ
ユージェーニア・ブラジリエンシス
ブラジルチェリー
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Eugenia cauliflora
plantsMyrtaceaeedible植物フトモモ科ブラジリアングレープツリー
ジャブチカバ
ジャボチカ
グアペルー
ヒバプルー
イバプルー
サバラ
ジャボチカバ
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Eugenia cumini
plantsMyrtaceaeedible植物フトモモ科ムラサキフトモモ
ジャンボラン
A.Begossi et al., J. Ethnobiol. 13,(1993),233-256
Eugenia dulcis
plantsMyrtaceaeedible植物フトモモ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Eugenia dysenterica
plantsMyrtaceaeedible植物フトモモ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Eugenia edulis
plantsMyrtaceaeedible植物フトモモ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Eugenia edulis Vell
plantsMyrtaceaemedicinal植物フトモモ科Hussein,Phytochem.,64,(2003),883
Eugenia edulis Vell
plantsMyrtaceaeedible植物フトモモ科Hussein,Phytochem.,64,(2003),883
Eugenia formosa
plantsMyrtaceaeedible植物フトモモ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Eugenia guabiju
plantsMyrtaceaeedible植物フトモモ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Eugenia inocarpa
plantsMyrtaceaeedible植物フトモモ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Eugenia itacolumensis
plantsMyrtaceaeedible植物フトモモ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Eugenia ligustrina
plantsMyrtaceaeedible植物フトモモ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Eugenia luschnathiana
plantsMyrtaceaeedible植物フトモモ科ピトンバU. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Eugenia myrobalana
plantsMyrtaceaeedible植物フトモモ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Eugenia nhanica
plantsMyrtaceaeedible植物フトモモ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Eugenia pisiformis
plantsMyrtaceaeedible植物フトモモ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Eugenia pitanga
plantsMyrtaceaeedible植物フトモモ科ピタンガ
スリナムチェリー
ブラジリアンチェリー
カイエンチェリー
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Eugenia pumila
plantsMyrtaceaeedible植物フトモモ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Eugenia pyriformis
plantsMyrtaceaeedible植物フトモモ科ユーゲニアピリフォルミス
ユーゲニア・ ピリフォルミス
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Eugenia supraaxillaris
plantsMyrtaceaeedible植物フトモモ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Eugenia uniflora
plantsMyrtaceaeedible植物フトモモ科ピタンガ
スリナムチェリー
ブラジリアンチェリー
カイエンチェリー
タチバナアデク
ユージェニア・ウニフロラ
A.Begossi et al., J. Ethnobiol. 13,(1993),233-256
M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Eupatorium laevigatum
plantsAsteraceaemedicinal植物キク科Schimidt,J.Ethnopharmacol.,122,(2009),523
Euphorbia tirucalli
plantsEuphorbiaceaemedicinal植物トウダイグサ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Euterpe catinga
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科J. Haynes and J. Mclaughlin, Edible palms and their uses, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50 of the UF/Miami-Dade County Extension office (2000)
J. Haynes, J. McLaughlin, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50-1, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science, Edible palms and their uses, (2000)
Euterpe edulis
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科アッサイヤシ
ジュサラヤシ
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Euterpe oleracea
plantsArecaceaemedicinal植物ヤシ科アサイ
アサイー
アサイーヤシ
ワカバキャベツヤシ
Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Euterpe oleracea
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科アサイ
アサイー
アサイーヤシ
ワカバキャベツヤシ
J. Haynes and J. Mclaughlin, Edible palms and their uses, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50 of the UF/Miami-Dade County Extension office (2000)
J. Haynes, J. McLaughlin, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50-1, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science, Edible palms and their uses, (2000)
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Euterpe precatoria
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科エウテルペプレカトリアJ. Haynes and J. Mclaughlin, Edible palms and their uses, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50 of the UF/Miami-Dade County Extension office (2000)
Farfantepenaeus paulensis
shrimps, crabsPenaeidaeedible動物(エビ、カニ)クルマエビ科Silvia Salas et al (Ed), Coastal fisheries of latin America and the Caribbean, FAO, 544 (2011)
Favolus brasiliensis
mushroomsPolyporaceaeedibleキノコタマチョレイタケ科E. Boa, Wild edible fungi, A global overview of their use and importance to people, Non-wood Forest Products 17, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation (2004) ISBN 92-5-105157-7
Favolus brunneolus
mushroomsPolyporaceaeedibleキノコタマチョレイタケ科E. Boa, Wild edible fungi, A global overview of their use and importance to people, Non-wood Forest Products 17, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation (2004) ISBN 92-5-105157-7
Favolus striatulus
mushroomsPolyporaceaeedibleキノコタマチョレイタケ科E. Boa, Wild edible fungi, A global overview of their use and importance to people, Non-wood Forest Products 17, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation (2004) ISBN 92-5-105157-7
Favolus tesselatus
mushroomsPolyporaceaeedibleキノコタマチョレイタケ科E. Boa, Wild edible fungi, A global overview of their use and importance to people, Non-wood Forest Products 17, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation (2004) ISBN 92-5-105157-7
Ferula assafoetida
plantsApiaceaemedicinal植物セリ科Medicinal Plants of the World by Ivan A.Ross,Vol.3,ISBN 978-1-58829-129-5.
Ficus guianensis
plantsMoraceaemedicinal植物クワ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Fragaria ananassa
plantsRosaceaeStrawberryedible植物バラ科イチゴ
オランダイチゴ
USDA, freshfruits and vegetables (2012)
Friesella schrottkyi
insects(larvae, pupas, honey storage, wax, pollen : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹,貯蔵蜜,ワックス,花粉 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Frieseomellita silvestrii
insects(insects)edible昆虫類(昆虫)ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Frieseomellita sp.
insects(honey storage, pupas : insects)edible昆虫類(貯蔵蜜,蛹 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Frieseomellita varia
insects(larvae, pupas : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Galinsoga parviflora
plantsAsteraceaemedicinal植物キク科コゴメギクSchimidt,J.Ethnopharmacol.,122,(2009),523
Garcinia brasiliensis
plantsClusiaceaemedicinal植物フクギ科Santa-Cecilia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,133,(2011),467
Garcinia gardneriana
plantsClusiaceaemedicinal植物フクギ科Castardo,J.Ethnopharmacol.,118,(2008),405
Garcinia mangostana
plantsClusiaceaeMangosteenedible植物フクギ科マンゴスチンUSDA, freshfruits and vegetables (2012)
Gardenia brasiliensis
plantsRubiaceaeedible植物アカネ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Geniatosoma nignum
insects(larvae : insects)Scarabaeidaeedible昆虫類(幼虫 : )コガネムシ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Genidens barbus
seafoodAriidaeedible魚介類ハマギギ科ラプラタハマキギ
ホワイトシーキャットフィッシュ
Silvia Salas et al (Ed), Coastal fisheries of latin America and the Caribbean, FAO, 544 (2011)
Genipa americana
plantsRubiaceaeedible植物アカネ科チブサノキM. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Gloeoporus conchoides
mushroomsMeruliaceaeedibleキノコシワタケ科E. Boa, Wild edible fungi, A global overview of their use and importance to people, Non-wood Forest Products 17, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation (2004) ISBN 92-5-105157-7
Glycine max
plantsFabaceaesoybean
edamame
edible植物マメ科ダイズ
エダマメ
クロマメ
モヤシ
ダイズモヤシ
A.Begossi et al., J. Ethnobiol. 13,(1993),233-256
Glycine max Merr.
plantsFabaceaemedicinal植物マメ科ダイズ
エダマメ
クロマメ
モヤシ
ダイズモヤシ
Takito,Medicinal plant,3rd edition (in JPN),Hirokawa Publishing CO.,(2007)
Gomphia parviflora
plantsOchnaceaeedible植物オクナ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Gomphrena globosa
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Gossypium herbaceum
plantsMalvaceaemedicinal植物アオイ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Guazuma ulmifolia
plantsSterculiaceaemedicinal植物アオギリ科グアズマウルミフォリアLima,J.Ethnopharmacol.,105,(2006),137
Guettarda angelica
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Gymnanthemum amygdalinum
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Gymnopilus earlei
mushroomsCortinariaceaeedibleキノコフウセンタケ科E. Boa, Wild edible fungi, A global overview of their use and importance to people, Non-wood Forest Products 17, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation (2004) ISBN 92-5-105157-7
Gymnopilus hispidellus
mushroomsCortinariaceaeedibleキノコフウセンタケ科E. Boa, Wild edible fungi, A global overview of their use and importance to people, Non-wood Forest Products 17, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation (2004) ISBN 92-5-105157-7
Hancornia speciosa
plantsApocynaceaeedible植物キョウチクトウ科ハンコルニアスペシオーサM. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Hedychium coronarium
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Lima,J.Ethnopharmacol.,105,(2006),137
Mankil,J.Nat.Prod.,61,(1998),1394
Helianthus annuus L.
plantsAsteraceaemedicinal植物キク科ヒマワリ
ヒュウガアオイ
ニチリンソウ
ヒグルマ
サンフラワー
Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Heliconia psittacorum L.
plantsHeliconiaceae
Musaceae
medicinal植物オウムバナ科
バショウ科
Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Heliconia vaginalis
plantsHeliconiaceae
Musaceae
edible植物オウムバナ科
バショウ科
M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Heteropterys aphrodisiaca
medicinalGalvao,J.Ethnopharmacol.,79,(2002),305
Hibiscus digitatus
plantsMalvaceaeedible植物アオイ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Hibiscus esculentus
plantsMalvaceaeedible植物アオイ科オクラ
アメリカネリ
オカレンコン
A.Begossi et al., J. Ethnobiol. 13,(1993),233-256
M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis
plants(food,tea,food colouring)MalvaceaeChinese hibiscusmedicinal植物アオイ科ブッソウゲFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Hibiscus sabdarifa
plantsMalvaceaemedicinal植物アオイ科Medicinal Plants of the World by Ivan A.Ross,Vol.1,ISBN 1-58829-281-9.
Hibiscus sabdariffa
plantsMalvaceaeHibiscus
Jamaica sorrel
Karkade
medicinal植物アオイ科ハイビスカス
ハイビスカス・ローゼル
ローゼル
Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Himatanthus articulata
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Himatanthus sucuuba
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Himatanthus sucuuba Spruce (M. Arg.)
medicinalWood,Chem.Pharm.Bull.,49,(2001),1477
Hippeastrum puniceum
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Hirtella racemosa
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Holostylis reniformis Duch.
medicinalSilva,Phytochem.,65,(2004),751
Honeydew melon
plantsedible植物ハネーデューメロンUSDA, freshfruits and vegetables (2012)
Humiria balsamifera
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Hybanthus calceolaria
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Hydnopolyporus palmatus
mushroomsIrpicaceae
Meripilaceae
edibleキノコE. Boa, Wild edible fungi, A global overview of their use and importance to people, Non-wood Forest Products 17, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation (2004) ISBN 92-5-105157-7
Hylocereus undatus
plants(flowers : vegetable)CactaceaePitaya
Honolulu-queen
edible植物サボテン科ピタヤ
ドラゴンフルーツ
レッドピタヤ
M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Hymenaea courbaril
plantsCaesalpiniaceaeedible植物ジャケツイバラ科ジャトバ
クールバリル
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Hymenaea martiana
plantsCaesalpiniaceaeedible植物ジャケツイバラ科M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Hymenaea parvifolia
plantsCaesalpiniaceaemedicinal植物ジャケツイバラ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Hypochoeris brasiliensis
plantsAsteraceaeedible植物キク科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Ictalurus punctatus
seafoodIctaluridaechannel catfish
spotted cat
edible魚介類アメリカナマズ科アメリカナマズFAO Fishery Statistics (2006)
Ilex Paraguayiensis
plantsAquifoliaceaemedicinal植物モチノキ科南米薬用植物ガイドブック PART.1、南米薬用ハーブ普及会、(2001)、ISBN 978-4990081706
Ilex fertilis
plantsAquifoliaceaeedible植物モチノキ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Ilex paguariensis
plantsAquifoliaceaemedicinal植物モチノキ科南米薬用植物ガイドブック PART.1、南米薬用ハーブ普及会、(2001)、ISBN 978-4990081706
Ilex paraguensis
plantsAquifoliaceaemate
yerba mate
Paraguay tea
edible植物モチノキ科マテチャ
パラグアイチャノキ
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Indigofera suffruticosa
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Inga heterophylla
plantsFabaceae
Mimosaceae
medicinal植物マメ科
ネムノキ科
Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Inga vera
plantsFabaceae
Mimosaceae
edible植物マメ科
ネムノキ科
M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Ipomoea asarifolia
plantsConvolvulaceaemedicinal植物ヒルガオ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Ipomoea batatas
plantsConvolvulaceaeSweet potatoedible植物ヒルガオ科サツマイモ
カンショ
カライモ
リュウキュウイモ
シモンイモ
シロサツマイモ
A.Begossi et al., J. Ethnobiol. 13,(1993),233-256
M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Iresine herbstii
plantsAmaranthaceaemedicinal植物ヒユ科Schimidt,J.Ethnopharmacol.,122,(2009),523
Iresine vermicularis
plantsAmaranthaceaeedible植物ヒユ科M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Iryanthera juruensis
medicinalSilva,Phytochem.,57,(2001),437
Jatropha curcas
plantsEuphorbiaceaemedicinal植物トウダイグサ科ナンヨウアブラギリ
タイワンアブラギリ
ジャトロファ
ヤトロファ
Medicinal Plants of the World by Ivan A.Ross,Vol.1,ISBN 1-58829-281-9.
Jatropha curcas L.
plantsEuphorbiaceaemedicinal植物トウダイグサ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Jatropha elliptica
plantsEuphorbiaceaemedicinal植物トウダイグサ科Lima,J.Ethnopharmacol.,105,(2006),137
Jatropha gossypifolia
plantsEuphorbiaceaemedicinal植物トウダイグサ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Jatropha multifida
plantsEuphorbiaceaemedicinal植物トウダイグサ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Jatropha podagrica
plantsEuphorbiaceaemedicinal植物トウダイグサ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Jessenia polycarpa
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科オエノカルプスバタウアU. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Justica pectoralis
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Kalanchoe pinnata
plantsCrassulaceaemedicinal植物ベンケイソウ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Kalanchoe pinnata (L.) Pers.
plantsCrassulaceaemedicinal植物ベンケイソウ科Muzitano,Phytochem.,67,(2006),2071
Kalanchoe tubiflora
plantsCrassulaceaemedicinal植物ベンケイソウ科Schimidt,J.Ethnopharmacol.,122,(2009),523
Kalotermes flavicollis
insects(soldier ants, imagoes : insects)Kalotermitidaeedible昆虫類(兵アリ,成虫 : )レイビシロアリ科シロアリJun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Kielmeyera coriacea Mart.
medicinalObici,J.Ethnopharmacol.,115,(2008),131
Labiotermes labralis
insects(pupas, alate : insects)Termitidaeedible昆虫類(蛹,有翅虫 : )シロアリ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Lablab purpureus
plants(large starchy root)Fabaceaeedible植物マメ科フジマメM. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Lactocollybia aequatorialis
mushroomsMarasmiaceaeedibleキノコホウライタケ科E. Boa, Wild edible fungi, A global overview of their use and importance to people, Non-wood Forest Products 17, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation (2004) ISBN 92-5-105157-7
Lactuca sativa
plantsAsteraceaelettuceedible植物キク科チシャ
レタス
サラダナ
チサ
カキチシャ
カッティングレタス
タマチシャ
ヘッドレタス
タチチシャ
タチレタス
チリメンチシャ
リーフレタス
A.Begossi et al., J. Ethnobiol. 13,(1993),233-256
USDA, freshfruits and vegetables (2012)
Lafoensia pacari
medicinalLima,J.Ethnopharmacol.,105,(2006),137
Lagenaria siceraria
plantsCucurbitaceaebottle gourdmedicinal植物ウリ科ユウガオ
ヒョウタン
Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Laguncularia racemosa
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Lantana camara
plantsVerbenaceaemedicinal植物クマツヅラ科ランタナ
シチヘンゲ
Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Lantana camara L.
plantsVerbenaceaemedicinal植物クマツヅラ科Medicinal Plants of the World by Ivan A.Ross,Vol.1,ISBN 1-58829-281-9.
Lecythis pisonis
plantsLecythidaceaeedible植物サガリバナ科クリームナッツM. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Lentinus crinitus
mushroomsPolyporaceae
Pleurotaceae
edibleキノコタマチョレイタケ科
ヒラタケ科
E. Boa, Wild edible fungi, A global overview of their use and importance to people, Non-wood Forest Products 17, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation (2004) ISBN 92-5-105157-7
Lentinus glabratus
mushroomsPolyporaceae
Pleurotaceae
edibleキノコタマチョレイタケ科
ヒラタケ科
E. Boa, Wild edible fungi, A global overview of their use and importance to people, Non-wood Forest Products 17, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation (2004) ISBN 92-5-105157-7
Lentinus strigosus
mushroomsPolyporaceae
Pleurotaceae
edibleキノコタマチョレイタケ科
ヒラタケ科
アラゲカワキタケE. Boa, Wild edible fungi, A global overview of their use and importance to people, Non-wood Forest Products 17, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation (2004) ISBN 92-5-105157-7
Lentinus velutinus
mushroomsPolyporaceae
Pleurotaceae
edibleキノコタマチョレイタケ科
ヒラタケ科
E. Boa, Wild edible fungi, A global overview of their use and importance to people, Non-wood Forest Products 17, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation (2004) ISBN 92-5-105157-7
Leonurus sibiricus L.
plantsLamiaceaeChinese motherwortmedicinal植物シソ科メハジキ
ヤクモソウ
ヤクモホソバソウ
Satoh,Chem.Pharm.Bull.,51,(2003),341
Leopoldinia major
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科レオポルディニア・マヨルU. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Leopoldinia piassaba
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科レオポルディニアピアッサバJ. Haynes and J. Mclaughlin, Edible palms and their uses, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50 of the UF/Miami-Dade County Extension office (2000)
J. Haynes, J. McLaughlin, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50-1, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science, Edible palms and their uses, (2000)
Lestrimellita limao
insects(larvae, pupas, honey storage, pollen : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹,貯蔵蜜,花粉 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Leucocoprinus cheimonoceps
mushroomsAgaricaceaeedibleキノコハラタケ科E. Boa, Wild edible fungi, A global overview of their use and importance to people, Non-wood Forest Products 17, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation (2004) ISBN 92-5-105157-7
Lippia alba
plantsVerbenaceaemedicinal植物クマツヅラ科Duarte,J.Ethnopharmacol.,111,(2007),197
Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Hennebelle,J.Ethnopharmacol.,116,(2008),211
M.C.T.Duarte et al.,J.Ethnopharmacol.,97,(2005),305
Lippia pseudo-thea
plantsVerbenaceaeedible植物クマツヅラ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Lithera molleoides (Vell.) Engl.
medicinalS.Grzalczany,J.Ethnopharmacol.,133,(2011),994
Lonchocarpus nicou
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Lophacris sp.
insects(imagoes : insects)Acrididaeedible昆虫類(成虫 : )バッタ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Luffa cylindrica
plantsCucurbitaceaemedicinal植物ウリ科ヘチマ
イトウリ
ナーベーラー
ナーベナ
ナーベラ
Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Luffa operculata
plantsCucurbitaceaemedicinal植物ウリ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Luffa operculata (L.) Cogn
plantsCucurbitaceaemedicinal植物ウリ科Kawahara,Chem.Pharm.Bull.,52,(2004),1018
Lutjanus analis
seafoodLutjanidaeedible魚介類フエダイ科マトンフィッシュSilvia Salas et al (Ed), Coastal fisheries of latin America and the Caribbean, FAO, 544 (2011)
Lutjanus jocu
seafoodLutjanidaeedible魚介類フエダイ科ドッグスナッパーSilvia Salas et al (Ed), Coastal fisheries of latin America and the Caribbean, FAO, 544 (2011)
Lutjanus synagris
seafoodLutjanidaeedible魚介類フエダイ科キセンフエダイSilvia Salas et al (Ed), Coastal fisheries of latin America and the Caribbean, FAO, 544 (2011)
Lychnophora ericoides
medicinalBorsato,Phytochem.,55,(2000),809
Lychnophora ericoides Mart.
medicinalCurado,Phytochem.,67,(2006),2363
Guzzo,J.Ethnopharmacol.,116,(2008),120
Santos,Chem.Pharm.Bull.,52,(2004),1433
Lycopersicon esculentum
plantsSolanaceaeedible植物ナス科トマト
アカナス
A.Begossi et al., J. Ethnobiol. 13,(1993),233-256
Lycopersicon esculentum
plantsSolanaceaemedicinal植物ナス科トマト
アカナス
Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Machaerium lunatum
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Maclura tinctoria
plantsMoraceaeedible植物クワ科マクルラ・ティンクトリアM. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Macrobrachium rosenbergii
shrimps, crabsPalaemonidaeedible動物(エビ、カニ)テナガエビ科オニテナガエビFAO Fishery Statistics (2006)
Macrodon ancylodon
seafoodSciaenidaeedible魚介類ニベ科オオカミニベSilvia Salas et al (Ed), Coastal fisheries of latin America and the Caribbean, FAO, 544 (2011)
Macrodontia cervicornis
insects(larvae : insects)Cerambycidaeedible昆虫類(幼虫 : )カミキリムシ科オオキバウスバカミキリJun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Malpighia macrophylla
plantsMalpigiaceaeedible植物キントラノオ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Malus domestica
plants(blossoms,petals)Rosaceaeedible植物バラ科セイヨウリンゴUSDA, freshfruits and vegetables (2012)
Mammetl americana
plantsedible植物A.Begossi et al., J. Ethnobiol. 13,(1993),233-256
Mangifera indica
plantsAnacardiaceaeMangoedible植物ウルシ科マンゴー
アンラ
アンマラ
A.Begossi et al., J. Ethnobiol. 13,(1993),233-256
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Mangifera indica
plantsAnacardiaceaeMangomedicinal植物ウルシ科マンゴー
アンラ
アンマラ
Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Medicinal Plants of the World by Ivan A.Ross,Vol.1,ISBN 1-58829-281-9.
Manihot esculenta
plants(tuberous root,root sap : flour,condiment,alcholic beverage)Euphorbiaceaeedible植物トウダイグサ科キャッサバA.Begossi et al., J. Ethnobiol. 13,(1993),233-256
M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
USDA, freshfruits and vegetables (2012)
Manihot glaziovii
plants(tubers)Euphorbiaceaeedible植物トウダイグサ科マニホットゴムノキM. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Manihot palmata
plantsEuphorbiaceaeedible植物トウダイグサ科アマキャッサバU. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Manihot utilissima
plants(tuberous root,root sap : flour,condiment,alcholic beverage)Euphorbiaceaeedible植物トウダイグサ科キャッサバU. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Marantha arundinacea
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Margyricarpus setosus
plantsRosaceaeedible植物バラ科パールベリーU. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Marlierea glomerata
plantsMyrtaceaeedible植物フトモモ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Marlierea tomentosa
plantsMyrtaceaeedible植物フトモモ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Marpighia glabra
medicinal南米薬用植物ガイドブック PART.1、南米薬用ハーブ普及会、(2001)、ISBN 978-4990081706
Marsdenia altissima
plantsApocynaceaemedicinal植物キョウチクトウ科Lima,J.Ethnopharmacol.,105,(2006),137
Marsypianthes chamaedrys (Vahl.)
medicinalMenezes,Phytochemistry,48,(1998),323
Martynia lutea
plantsMartyniaceaeedible植物ツノゴマ科
マーティニア科
キバナツノゴマU. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Mauritia flexuosa
plants(sap from inflorescence : drink,palm wine,sugar)Arecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科オオミテングヤシU. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Mauritia vinifera
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科オオミテングヤシ
ミリチーヤシ
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Mauritiella aculeata
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科マウリティエルラ・アクレアタJ. Haynes, J. McLaughlin, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50-1, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science, Edible palms and their uses, (2000)
Maximiliana regia
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科マキシミリアンヤシU. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Maytenus chuchuhuasca
medicinalOsamu,J.Nat.Prod.,60,(1997),1100
Maytenus chuchuhuasca Raymond-Hamet et Colas
medicinalShirota,Chem.Pharm.Bull.,52,(2004),1148
Maytenus ebefolia
medicinal南米薬用植物ガイドブック PART.1、南米薬用ハーブ普及会、(2001)、ISBN 978-4990081706
Maytenus ilicifolia
medicinalZhu,Phytochemistry,47,(1998),265
Maytenus krukovii
medicinalTadashi Honda,J.Nat.Prod.,60,(1997),1174
Maytenus krukovit
medicinal南米薬用植物ガイドブック PART.1、南米薬用ハーブ普及会、(2001)、ISBN 978-4990081706
Maytenus leavis
medicinal南米薬用植物ガイドブック PART.1、南米薬用ハーブ普及会、(2001)、ISBN 978-4990081706
Maytenus macrocarpa
medicinal南米薬用植物ガイドブック PART.1、南米薬用ハーブ普及会、(2001)、ISBN 978-4990081706
Maytenus myrsinoides
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Megaceras sp.
insects(larvae : insects)Scarabaeidaeedible昆虫類(幼虫 : )コガネムシ科ヒサシカブトムシの1種Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Megasoma actaeon
insects(larvae, imagoes : insects)Scarabaeidaeedible昆虫類(幼虫,成虫 : )コガネムシ科アクテオンゾウカブトムシJun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Megasoma anubis
insects(larvae : insects)Scarabaeidaeedible昆虫類(幼虫 : )コガネムシ科アヌビスゾウカブトムシJun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Melipona asilvai
insects(honey storage : insects)edible昆虫類(貯蔵蜜 : )ハリナシバチ科ハリナシバチJun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Melipona atratula
insects(honey storage : insects)edible昆虫類(貯蔵蜜 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Melipona bicolor
insects(honey storage : insects)edible昆虫類(貯蔵蜜 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Melipona bilineata
insects(honey storage : insects)edible昆虫類(貯蔵蜜 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Melipona compressipes
insects(honey storage : insects)edible昆虫類(貯蔵蜜 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Melipona compressipes fasciculata
insects(larvae, pupas, honey storage : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹,貯蔵蜜 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Melipona crinita
insects(honey storage : insects)edible昆虫類(貯蔵蜜 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Melipona dorsalis
insects(honey storage : insects)edible昆虫類(貯蔵蜜 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Melipona ebumea fuscopilosa
insects(honey storage : insects)edible昆虫類(貯蔵蜜 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Melipona fascita scutellaris
insects(honey storage : insects)edible昆虫類(貯蔵蜜 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Melipona grandis
insects(eggs, larvae, pupas, honeydew, honey storage : insects)edible昆虫類(卵,幼虫,蛹,蜜,貯蔵蜜 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Melipona interrupta grandis
insects(larvae, pupas, honey storage, pollen : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹,貯蔵蜜,花粉 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Melipona mandacala
insects(honey storage : insects)edible昆虫類(貯蔵蜜 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Melipona marginata
insects(honey storage : insects)edible昆虫類(貯蔵蜜 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Melipona melanoventer
insects(larvae, pupas, honey storage : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹,貯蔵蜜 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Melipona nigra
insects(honey storage : insects)edible昆虫類(貯蔵蜜 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Melipona pseudocentris
insects(honey storage : insects)edible昆虫類(貯蔵蜜 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Melipona quadrifasciata
insects(honey storage : insects)edible昆虫類(貯蔵蜜 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Melipona rufiventris
insects(honey storage : insects)edible昆虫類(貯蔵蜜 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Melipona rufiventris flavolineata
insects(larvae, pupas : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Melipona schencki picadensis
insects(honey storage : insects)edible昆虫類(貯蔵蜜 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Melipona schencki schencki
insects(honey storage : insects)edible昆虫類(貯蔵蜜 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Melipona schwarzi
insects(larvae, pupas, honey storage : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹,貯蔵蜜 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Melipona scutellaris
insects(honey storage : insects)edible昆虫類(貯蔵蜜 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Melipona seminigra cf. pernigra
insects(larvae, pupas : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Melipona seminigra merrillae
insects(honey storage : insects)edible昆虫類(貯蔵蜜 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Mentha arvensis L. var. piperacens Malinvaud
plantsLamiaceaemedicinal植物シソ科Takito,Medicinal plant,3rd edition (in JPN),Hirokawa Publishing CO.,(2007)
Mentha arvensis L. var. piperascens Malinvaud
plantsLamiaceaemedicinal植物シソ科Takito,Medicinal plant,3rd edition (in JPN),Hirokawa Publishing CO.,(2007)
Mentha arvensis var.piperita
plantsLamiaceaemedicinal植物シソ科M.C.T.Duarte et al.,J.Ethnopharmacol.,97,(2005),305
Mentha piperita
plantsLamiaceaemedicinal植物シソ科ペパーミントDuarte,J.Ethnopharmacol.,111,(2007),197
M.C.T.Duarte et al.,J.Ethnopharmacol.,97,(2005),305
Mentha pulegium
plants(flavouring)LamiaceaePennyroyalmedicinal植物シソ科ペニーロイヤルM.C.T.Duarte et al.,J.Ethnopharmacol.,97,(2005),305
Mentha pulegium L.
plantsLamiaceaemedicinal植物シソ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Mentha spicata
plantsLamiaceaeSpearmintmedicinal植物シソ科スペアミント
ミドリハッカ
オランダハッカ
Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
M.C.T.Duarte et al.,J.Ethnopharmacol.,97,(2005),305
Micropogonias furnieri
seafoodSciaenidaeedible魚介類ニベ科ホワイトマウスクローカー
セマルニベ
Silvia Salas et al (Ed), Coastal fisheries of latin America and the Caribbean, FAO, 544 (2011)
Mikania glomerata
medicinalDuarte,J.Ethnopharmacol.,111,(2007),197
M.C.T.Duarte et al.,J.Ethnopharmacol.,97,(2005),305
Mikania hirsutissima
medicinalOhkoshi,Chem.Pharm.Bull.,48,(2000),1774
Mikania laevigata
medicinalDuarte,J.Ethnopharmacol.,111,(2007),197
M.C.T.Duarte et al.,J.Ethnopharmacol.,97,(2005),305
Mikania lindleyana
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Mimosa hostilis (MART.)
medicinalOhsaki,Chem.Pharm.Bull.,54,(2006),1728
Mimusops elata
plantsSapotaceaeedible植物アカテツ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Mollinedia brasiliensis
medicinalClaros,Phytochem.,55,(2000),859
Momordica charantia
plants(fragrant yellow blossoms : flavouring)CucurbitaceaeBitter gourd
Balsam pear
edible植物ウリ科ニガウリ
レイシ
ゴーヤ
ツルレイシ
ゴーヤー
A.Begossi et al., J. Ethnobiol. 13,(1993),233-256
Momordica charantia
plants(flavouring)CucurbitaceaeBitter gourd
Balsam pear
medicinal植物ウリ科ニガウリ
レイシ
ゴーヤ
ツルレイシ
ゴーヤー
Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Medicinal Plants of the World by Ivan A.Ross,Vol.1,ISBN 1-58829-281-9.
Montrichardia linifera
plantsAraceaeedible植物サトイモ科M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Moronobea grandiflora
plantsClusiaceae
Hypericaceae
edible植物フクギ科
オトギリソウ科
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Mouriri pusa
plantsMelastomataceaeedible植物ノボタン科M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Mucuna pruriens
plantsFabaceaeCowhage
Cowitch
Kaunch
medicinal植物マメ科ベルベット・ビーンMedicinal Plants of the World by Ivan A.Ross,Vol.1,ISBN 1-58829-281-9.
Musa Paradisiaca Linn.
plantsMusaceaemedicinal植物バショウ科Abani,(2007),Medicinal Plants & Their Uses(2)Published(2007) by ABOSARBangladesh). ISBN 984-415-220-8
Musa acuminata
plants(banana blossoms,core of stem : eaten)Musaceaeedible植物バショウ科タイワンバナナA.Begossi et al., J. Ethnobiol. 13,(1993),233-256
Musa chinensis
plantsMusaceaeedible植物バショウ科ミバショウ
実芭蕉
セイタカミバショウ
タイワンバナナ
トラフバショウ
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Musa paradisiaca
plants(corm,terminal male inflorescences,flowers : famine food,vegetable)Musaceaeedible植物バショウ科プランテンM. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Musa sapientum
plantsMusaceaeBananaedible植物バショウ科バナナ
クッキングバナナ
リョウリバショウ
ミバショウ
ゴシャクバナナ
五尺バナナ
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Musa sapientum
plantsMusaceaeBananamedicinal植物バショウ科バナナ
クッキングバナナ
リョウリバショウ
ミバショウ
ゴシャクバナナ
五尺バナナ
Medicinal Plants of the World by Ivan A.Ross,Vol.2,ISBN 0-89603-877-7.
Musa spp.
plants(young fruits,young pseudostem,inflorescence)Musaceaeedible植物バショウ科USDA, freshfruits and vegetables (2012)
Myelobia smenintha
insects(larvae : insects)Pyralidaeedible昆虫類(幼虫 : )メイガ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Myrcia amazonica
medicinal南米薬用植物ガイドブック PART.1、南米薬用ハーブ普及会、(2001)、ISBN 978-4990081706
Myrcia bracteata
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Myrcia multifiora
medicinal南米薬用植物ガイドブック PART.1、南米薬用ハーブ普及会、(2001)、ISBN 978-4990081706
Myrcia salocifolia
medicinal南米薬用植物ガイドブック PART.1、南米薬用ハーブ普及会、(2001)、ISBN 978-4990081706
Myrcia silvatica
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Myrcia uniflorus
medicinal南米薬用植物ガイドブック PART.1、南米薬用ハーブ普及会、(2001)、ISBN 978-4990081706
Myrciaria dubia
plantsMyrtaceaemedicinal植物フトモモ科南米薬用植物ガイドブック PART.1、南米薬用ハーブ普及会、(2001)、ISBN 978-4990081706
Myrciaria tenella
plantsMyrtaceaemedicinal植物フトモモ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Myristica acuminata
plantsMyristicaceaeedible植物ニクズク科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Myristica fragrans
plantsMyristicaceaeNutmeg
Jatiphala
medicinal植物ニクズク科ナツメグ
ニクズク
メース
Medicinal Plants of the World by Ivan A.Ross,Vol.2,ISBN 0-89603-877-7.
Myristica fragrans
plantsMyristicaceaeNutmeg
Jatiphala
edible植物ニクズク科ナツメグ
ニクズク
メース
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Nannotrigona bipunctata polystica
insects(larvae, pupas, honey storage : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹,貯蔵蜜 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Nannotrigona sp.
insects(eggs, larvae, pupas, honeydew, honey storage : insects)edible昆虫類(卵,幼虫,蛹,蜜,貯蔵蜜 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Nannotrigona xanthotricha
insects(larvae, pupas, honey storage : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹,貯蔵蜜 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Nasturtium officinale
plantsBrassicaceaeWatercressedible植物アブラナ科クレス
クレソン
ウォータークレス
オランダガラシ
ミズガラシ
クレスサラダ
タイワンゼリ
USDA, freshfruits and vegetables (2012)
Nasutitermes sp.
insects(imagoes : insects)Termitidaeedible昆虫類(成虫 : )シロアリ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Nelumbo nucifera
plants(root)NelumbonaceaeLotus
East-indian lotus roo
Sacred lotus
Padma
edible植物ハス科ハス
レンコン
カヨウ
レンボウ
グウセツ
レンシシン
レンシ
レンシュ
USDA, freshfruits and vegetables (2012)
Neoclitocybe byssiseda
mushroomsTricholomataceaeedibleキノコキシメジ科E. Boa, Wild edible fungi, A global overview of their use and importance to people, Non-wood Forest Products 17, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation (2004) ISBN 92-5-105157-7
Nicotiana tabacum
plantsSolanaceaemedicinal植物ナス科タバコMedicinal Plants of the World by Ivan A.Ross,Vol.3,ISBN 978-1-58829-129-5.
Ocimum basilicum
plantsLamiaceaeBasil
Sweet basil
medicinal植物シソ科バジル
バジリコ
スイートバジル
メボウキ
M.C.T.Duarte et al.,J.Ethnopharmacol.,97,(2005),305
Ocimum basilicum L.
plants(seasoning,)Lamiaceaemedicinal植物シソ科バジル
バジリコ
スイートバジル
メボウキ
Duarte,J.Ethnopharmacol.,111,(2007),197
Ocimum campechianum
plantsLamiaceaemedicinal植物シソ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Ocimum gratissimum
plantsLamiaceaeEast indian basil
Tree basil
Fever plant
edible植物シソ科マンジェリコン
バナトゥルシー
ツリーバジル
インドメボウキ
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Ocimum gratissimum
plantsLamiaceaeEast indian basil
Tree basil
Fever plant
medicinal植物シソ科マンジェリコン
バナトゥルシー
ツリーバジル
インドメボウキ
Duarte,J.Ethnopharmacol.,111,(2007),197
M.C.T.Duarte et al.,J.Ethnopharmacol.,97,(2005),305
Ocimum minimum
plantsLamiaceaemedicinal植物シソ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Ocimum selloi
plantsLamiaceaemedicinal植物シソ科M.C.T.Duarte et al.,J.Ethnopharmacol.,97,(2005),305
Ocotea glomerata
medicinalLima,J.Ethnopharmacol.,105,(2006),137
Ocyurus chrysurus
seafoodLutjanidaeedible魚介類フエダイ科イエローテイルスナッパーSilvia Salas et al (Ed), Coastal fisheries of latin America and the Caribbean, FAO, 544 (2011)
Oenocarpus bacaba
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科バカバヤシJ. Haynes and J. Mclaughlin, Edible palms and their uses, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50 of the UF/Miami-Dade County Extension office (2000)
J. Haynes, J. McLaughlin, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50-1, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science, Edible palms and their uses, (2000)
Oenocarpus bataua
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科オエノカルプスバタウア
オエノカルプス・バタウア
J. Haynes and J. Mclaughlin, Edible palms and their uses, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50 of the UF/Miami-Dade County Extension office (2000)
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Oenocarpus distichus
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科オエノカルプスディスティクスJ. Haynes and J. Mclaughlin, Edible palms and their uses, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50 of the UF/Miami-Dade County Extension office (2000)
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Oenocarpus mapora
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科オエノカルプス・マポラ
パナマバカバヤシ
J. Haynes and J. Mclaughlin, Edible palms and their uses, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50 of the UF/Miami-Dade County Extension office (2000)
J. Haynes, J. McLaughlin, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50-1, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science, Edible palms and their uses, (2000)
Olea europaea
plantsOleaceaeOlive
Olive leaf
medicinal植物モクセイ科オリーブ
オリーブリーフ
Medicinal Plants of the World by Ivan A.Ross,Vol.3,ISBN 978-1-58829-129-5.
Oncorhynchus mykiss
seafoodSalmonidaerainbow trout
steelhead trout
edible魚介類サケ科ニジマス
ショマ
FAO Fishery Statistics (2006)
Operculina hamiltonii
plantsConvolvulaceaemedicinal植物ヒルガオ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Opuntia brasiliensis
plants(flower,blossoms)Cactaceaeedible植物サボテン科オプンティアブラシリエンシスM. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Orbigyna phalerata
medicinalSouza,J.Ethnopharmacol.,133,(2011),1
Origanum vulgare ssp.virens
plantsLamiaceaemedicinal植物シソ科M.C.T.Duarte et al.,J.Ethnopharmacol.,97,(2005),305
Origanum vulgare subsp.virens
plantsLamiaceaemedicinal植物シソ科Duarte,J.Ethnopharmacol.,111,(2007),197
Origanum x applii
plantsLamiaceaemedicinal植物シソ科Duarte,J.Ethnopharmacol.,111,(2007),197
M.C.T.Duarte et al.,J.Ethnopharmacol.,97,(2005),305
Ormosia coutinhoi
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Oryza sativa
plantsPoaceaeRice
Sprouting brown rice
edible植物イネ科イネ
ゲンマイ
ハツガゲンマイ
コメ
セイハクマイ
FAO of United Nation,XIX ISSUE No. 1 April (2006)
Oxalis hedisarijolin
plantsOxalidaceaeedible植物カタバミ科A.Begossi et al., J. Ethnobiol. 13,(1993),233-256
Oxytrigona obscura
insects(larvae, pupas, honey storage, pollen : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹,貯蔵蜜,花粉 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Oxytrigona sp.
insects(larvae, pupas, honey storage : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹,貯蔵蜜 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Oxytrigona tataira
insects(larvae, pupas, honey storage, pollen : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹,貯蔵蜜,花粉 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Pachymerus cardo
insects(larvae : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫 : )マメゾウムシ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Pachymerus nucleonum
insects(larvae : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫 : )マメゾウムシ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Pachymerus sp.
insects(larvae : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫 : )マメゾウムシ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Paffia paniculata
medicinal南米薬用植物ガイドブック PART.1、南米薬用ハーブ普及会、(2001)、ISBN 978-4990081706
Parahancornia fasciculata
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Partamona cf. cupira
insects(larvae, pupas, honey storage, pollen : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹,貯蔵蜜,花粉 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Partamona sp.
insects(eggs, larvae, pupas, honey storage : insects)edible昆虫類(卵,幼虫,蛹,貯蔵蜜 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Paspalum ciliatum
plantsPoaceaeedible植物イネ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Passiflora caerulea
plants(flowers and flower buds : syrup)Passifloraceaeedible植物トケイソウ科トケイソウ
時計草
パッシフローラ・カエルレア
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Passiflora cincinnata
plantsPassifloraceaeedible植物トケイソウ科パッシフローラ・キンキナタ
クレイト・パッションバイン
M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Passiflora edulis
plants(flowers : edulis)PassifloraceaePassion fruitedible植物トケイソウ科パッションフルーツ
クダモノトケイソウ
A.Begossi et al., J. Ethnobiol. 13,(1993),233-256
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Passiflora edulis
plants(edulis)PassifloraceaePassion fruitmedicinal植物トケイソウ科パッションフルーツ
クダモノトケイソウ
Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Passiflora foetida
plantsPassifloraceaeWild water lemonedible植物トケイソウ科クサトケイソウU. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Passiflora quadrangularis
plants(roots)Passifloraceaeedible植物トケイソウ科オオミノトケイソウ
オオナガミクダモノトケイ
M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Paullinia cupana
plantsSapindaceaeedible植物ムクロジ科ガラナU. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Pdocnemis expansa
medicinalAlves,J.Ethnobiol.Ethnomed.,4,(2008),3
Pediculus humanus
insects(imagoes : insects)Pediculidaeedible昆虫類(成虫 : )ヒトジラミ科アタマシラミ
コロモジラミ
Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Pediculus humanus capitis
insects(imagoes : insects)Pediculidaeedible昆虫類(成虫 : )ヒトジラミ科アタマジラミJun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Pediculus sp.
insects(larvae, imagoes : insects)Pediculidaeedible昆虫類(幼虫,成虫 : )ヒトジラミ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Pedilanthus tithymaloides
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Pelargonium zonale
plantsGeraniaceaemedicinal植物フウロソウ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Penaeus vannamei
shrimps, crabsPenaeidaeedible動物(エビ、カニ)クルマエビ科バナメイエビFAO Fishery Statistics (2006)
Peperomia pellucida L.
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Periandra mediterranea Taubert
medicinalPereira,Phytochem.,54,(2000),409
Periplaneta americana
insects(insects)Blattidaeedible昆虫類(昆虫)ゴキブリ科ワモンゴキブリJun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Persea americana
plantsLauraceaeavocado
alligator pear
edible植物クスノキ科アボカド
ワニナシ
バターフルーツ
アバカテ
A.Begossi et al., J. Ethnobiol. 13,(1993),233-256
Persea americana
plantsLauraceaeavocado
alligator pear
medicinal植物クスノキ科アボカド
ワニナシ
バターフルーツ
アバカテ
Medicinal Plants of the World by Ivan A.Ross,Vol.1,ISBN 1-58829-281-9.
Persea americana Mill.
plantsLauraceaemedicinal植物クスノキ科アボカド
ワニナシ
バターフルーツ
アバカテ
Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Persea gratissima
plantsLauraceaeedible植物クスノキ科パーシア・グラティッシマ
アボカド
ワニナシ
バターフルーツ
アバカテ
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Petiveria alliacea
plantsPhytolaccaceaeGuinea hen weed
Conga root
Strong man's weed
medicinal植物ヤマゴボウ科ペティウェリア・アリアケア
ポークウィード
Schimidt,J.Ethnopharmacol.,122,(2009),523
Petiveria alliacea L.
plantsPhytolaccaceaemedicinal植物ヤマゴボウ科Benevides,Phytochem.,57,(2001),743
Petiverina alliacea L.
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Petroselinum sativum
plantsApiaceaeedible植物セリ科パセリA.Begossi et al., J. Ethnobiol. 13,(1993),233-256
Pfaffia glomerata
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Phaseolus lunatus
plantsFabaceaeLima beansedible植物マメ科ライマメA.Begossi et al., J. Ethnobiol. 13,(1993),233-256
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Phaseolus vulgaris
plantsFabaceaecommon bean
Kidney beans
sayaingen
medicinal植物マメ科インゲンマメ
サヤインゲン
サイトウ
シロインゲンマメ
シロハナマメ
トラマメ
ウズラマメ
ゴガツササゲ
サンドマメ
Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Phaseolus vulgaris
plantsFabaceaecommon bean
Kidney beans
sayaingen
edible植物マメ科インゲンマメ
サヤインゲン
サイトウ
シロインゲンマメ
シロハナマメ
トラマメ
ウズラマメ
ゴガツササゲ
サンドマメ
A.Begossi et al., J. Ethnobiol. 13,(1993),233-256
Philodendron acutatum
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Phoenix dactylifera
plants(sap from inflorescence stalk,male inflorescence : palm sugar,delicacy)ArecaceaeDate Palmedible植物ヤシ科ナツメヤシ
デーツ
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Pholiota bicolor
mushroomsStrophariaceaeedibleキノコモエギタケ科E. Boa, Wild edible fungi, A global overview of their use and importance to people, Non-wood Forest Products 17, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation (2004) ISBN 92-5-105157-7
Phyllanthus nirui
plantsPyllanthaceae
Euphorbiaceae
medicinal植物コミカンソウ科
トウダイグサ科
Medicinal Plants of the World by Ivan A.Ross,Vol.1,ISBN 1-58829-281-9.
Phyllanthus niruri
plantsPyllanthaceae
Euphorbiaceae
medicinal植物コミカンソウ科
トウダイグサ科
Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Phyllanthus orbiculatus
plantsPyllanthaceae
Euphorbiaceae
medicinal植物コミカンソウ科
トウダイグサ科
Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Phyllocalyx edulis
plantsMyrtaceaeedible植物フトモモ科M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Physalis angulata
plantsSolanaceaemedicinal植物ナス科センナリホオズキ
ヒメセンナリホオズキ
Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Physalis peruviana
plantsSolanaceaeedible植物ナス科シマホオズキ
ブドウホオズキ
M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Phytelephas macrocarpa
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科オオミゾウゲヤシ
アメリカゾウゲヤシ
J. Haynes, J. McLaughlin, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50-1, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science, Edible palms and their uses, (2000)
Phytolacca decandra
plantsPhytolaccaceaeedible植物ヤマゴボウ科ヨウシュヤマゴボウ
アメリカヤマゴボウ
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Piper abutilodes
plantsPiperaceaemedicinal植物コショウ科Duarte,J.Ethnopharmacol.,111,(2007),197
Piper aduncum
plantsPiperaceaemedicinal植物コショウ科Duarte,J.Ethnopharmacol.,111,(2007),197
M.C.T.Duarte et al.,J.Ethnopharmacol.,97,(2005),305
Piper arboreum
plantsPiperaceaemedicinal植物コショウ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Piper callosum
plantsPiperaceaemedicinal植物コショウ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Piper hispidinervum
plantsPiperaceaemedicinal植物コショウ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Piper marginatum
plantsPiperaceaemedicinal植物コショウ科Duarte,J.Ethnopharmacol.,111,(2007),197
M.C.T.Duarte et al.,J.Ethnopharmacol.,97,(2005),305
Piper marginatum
plantsPiperaceaeedible植物コショウ科M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Piper molicomum
plantsPiperaceaemedicinal植物コショウ科Duarte,J.Ethnopharmacol.,111,(2007),197
Piper nigrum L.
plantsPiperaceaemedicinal植物コショウ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Takito,Medicinal plant,3rd edition (in JPN),Hirokawa Publishing CO.,(2007)
Piper regnellii
plantsPiperaceaemedicinal植物コショウ科Duarte,J.Ethnopharmacol.,111,(2007),197
Schimidt,J.Ethnopharmacol.,122,(2009),523
M.C.T.Duarte et al.,J.Ethnopharmacol.,97,(2005),305
Piptadenia peregrina
plantsFabaceaeedible植物マメ科ピプタデニア・ペレグリナU. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Pisum sativum
plants(flowers)FabaceaePea
sayaendo
domiao
edible植物マメ科サヤエンドウ
キヌサヤ
サンドマメ
グリンピース
ミエンドウ
エンドウマメ
アオエンドウ
アカエンドウ
トウミョウ
トウミャウ
スナップエンドウ
スナックエンドウ
USDA, freshfruits and vegetables (2012)
Platonia insignis
plantsClusiaceae
Hypericaceae
edible植物フクギ科
オトギリソウ科
バキュリ
バクリ
バクリー
M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Plebeia emerinta
insects(larvae, pupas : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Plebeia mosquito
insects(honey storage : insects)edible昆虫類(貯蔵蜜 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Plebeia remota
insects(honey storage : insects)edible昆虫類(貯蔵蜜 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Plebeia sp.
insects(eggs, larvae, pupas, honeydew : insects)edible昆虫類(卵,幼虫,蛹,蜜 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Plectranthus amboinicus
plantsLamiaceaeIndian borage
Oregano
Spanish thyme
medicinal植物シソ科インディアンボリジFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Plectranthus barbatus
plantsLamiaceaemedicinal植物シソ科コレウス・フォルスコリ
プレクトランツス・バルバツス
Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
M.C.T.Duarte et al.,J.Ethnopharmacol.,97,(2005),305
Pleurotus concavus
mushroomsPleurotaceaeedibleキノコヒラタケ科E. Boa, Wild edible fungi, A global overview of their use and importance to people, Non-wood Forest Products 17, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation (2004) ISBN 92-5-105157-7
Plinia edulis
medicinalIshikawa,J.Ethnopharmacol.,118,(2008),527
Pluchea sagittalis
medicinalSchimidt,J.Ethnopharmacol.,122,(2009),523
Plumeria alba L.
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Plumeria rubra L.
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Pogonias cromis
seafoodSciaenidaeedible魚介類ニベ科ブラックドラム
ブラック・ドラム
Silvia Salas et al (Ed), Coastal fisheries of latin America and the Caribbean, FAO, 544 (2011)
Pogostemon heyneanus
plantsLamiaceaemedicinal植物シソ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Polyandrococos caudescens
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科ポリアンドロココス・カウデスケンスJ. Haynes and J. Mclaughlin, Edible palms and their uses, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50 of the UF/Miami-Dade County Extension office (2000)
J. Haynes, J. McLaughlin, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50-1, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science, Edible palms and their uses, (2000)
Polybia dimidiata
insects(larvae, pupas, imagoes : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹,成虫 : )ホソアシナガバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Polybia occidentalis
insects(larvae, pupas, honey storage : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹,貯蔵蜜 : )ホソアシナガバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Polybia sericea
insects(larvae, pupas : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹 : )ホソアシナガバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Polybia spp.
insects(eggs, larvae, pupas, honeydew, honey storage : insects)edible昆虫類(卵,幼虫,蛹,蜜,貯蔵蜜 : )ホソアシナガバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Polygala monticola
plantsPolygalaceaemedicinal植物ヒメハギ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Polygala spectabilis
plantsPolygalaceaemedicinal植物ヒメハギ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Polynome alata
plantsDioscoreaceaeedible植物ヤマノイモ科ダイジョM. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Polyporus aquosus
mushroomsPolyporaceaeedibleキノコタマチョレイタケ科
サルノコシカケ科
E. Boa, Wild edible fungi, A global overview of their use and importance to people, Non-wood Forest Products 17, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation (2004) ISBN 92-5-105157-7
Polyporus indigenus
mushroomsPolyporaceaeedibleキノコタマチョレイタケ科
サルノコシカケ科
E. Boa, Wild edible fungi, A global overview of their use and importance to people, Non-wood Forest Products 17, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation (2004) ISBN 92-5-105157-7
Polyporus sapurema
mushroomsPolyporaceaeedibleキノコタマチョレイタケ科
サルノコシカケ科
E. Boa, Wild edible fungi, A global overview of their use and importance to people, Non-wood Forest Products 17, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation (2004) ISBN 92-5-105157-7
Polyporus stipitarius
mushroomsPolyporaceaeedibleキノコタマチョレイタケ科
サルノコシカケ科
E. Boa, Wild edible fungi, A global overview of their use and importance to people, Non-wood Forest Products 17, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation (2004) ISBN 92-5-105157-7
Polyporus tricholoma
mushroomsPolyporaceaeedibleキノコタマチョレイタケ科
サルノコシカケ科
E. Boa, Wild edible fungi, A global overview of their use and importance to people, Non-wood Forest Products 17, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation (2004) ISBN 92-5-105157-7
Polyscias scutellaria
plantsAraliaceaemedicinal植物ウコギ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Portulaca oleracea
plants(stem,flowers)PortulacaceaePurslaneedible植物スベリヒユ科スベリヒユ
プルピエ
オオスベリヒユ
タチスベリヒユ
M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Portulaca oleracea
plantsPortulacaceaePurslanemedicinal植物スベリヒユ科スベリヒユ
プルピエ
オオスベリヒユ
タチスベリヒユ
Medicinal Plants of the World by Ivan A.Ross,Vol.1,ISBN 1-58829-281-9.
Portulaca oleracea L.
plantsPortulacaceaemedicinal植物スベリヒユ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Pourouma cecropiaefolia
plantsUrticaceaeedible植物イラクサ科アマゾンブドウ
アマゾンツリーグレープ
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Pouteria grandiflora
plantsSapotaceaeedible植物アカテツ科M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Prosopis dulcis
plantsFabaceaeedible植物マメ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Protium heptaphyllum
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Protopolybia exigua exigua
insects(nests : insects)edible昆虫類(巣 : )ホソアシナガバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Prychopetalum olacoides Benth.
medicinalTang,J.Nat.Prod.,71,(2008),1760
Pseudopolybia vespiceps
insects(larvae, pupas : insects)Vespidaeedible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹 : )スズメバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Psidium araca
plantsMyrtaceaeedible植物フトモモ科ブラジルバンジロウU. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Psidium arboreum
plantsMyrtaceaeedible植物フトモモ科グァバU. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Psidium cattleianum
plantsMyrtaceaeedible植物フトモモ科キバンジロウA.Begossi et al., J. Ethnobiol. 13,(1993),233-256
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Psidium chrysophyllum
plantsMyrtaceaeedible植物フトモモ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Psidium cinereum
plantsMyrtaceaeedible植物フトモモ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Psidium cuneatum
plantsMyrtaceaeedible植物フトモモ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Psidium grandifolium
plantsMyrtaceaeedible植物フトモモ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Psidium guajava
plantsMyrtaceaeedible植物フトモモ科グァバ
ギャバ
バンザクロ
バンジロウ
A.Begossi et al., J. Ethnobiol. 13,(1993),233-256
M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Psidium guajava
plantsMyrtaceaemedicinal植物フトモモ科グァバ
ギャバ
バンザクロ
バンジロウ
Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Medicinal Plants of the World by Ivan A.Ross,Vol.1,ISBN 1-58829-281-9.
Psidium guajava L.
plantsMyrtaceaeCommon guava
Guava
medicinal植物フトモモ科グァバ
ギャバ
バンザクロ
バンジロウ
Gutierrez,J.Ethnopharmacol.,117,(2008),1
Psidium guineense
plantsMyrtaceaeSour guava
Guinea guava
edible植物フトモモ科サワーグアバM. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Psidium incanescens
plantsMyrtaceaeedible植物フトモモ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Psidium indicum
plantsMyrtaceaeedible植物フトモモ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Psidium pigmeum
plantsMyrtaceaeedible植物フトモモ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Psidium rufum
plantsMyrtaceaeedible植物フトモモ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Ptchopetalm oracoides
medicinal南米薬用植物ガイドブック PART.1、南米薬用ハーブ普及会、(2001)、ISBN 978-4990081706
Pterodon polygalaeflrus
medicinalLima,J.Ethnopharmacol.,105,(2006),137
Ptilotrigona lurida
insects(larvae, pupas, honeydew : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹,蜜 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Punica granatum
plantsPunicaceaePomegranateedible植物ザクロ科ザクロA.Begossi et al., J. Ethnobiol. 13,(1993),233-256
Pycnoporus sanguineus
mushroomsPolyporaceaemedicinalキノコタマチョレイタケ科
サルノコシカケ科
ヒイロタケFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Pycnoporus sanguineus
mushroomsPolyporaceaeedibleキノコタマチョレイタケ科
サルノコシカケ科
ヒイロタケE. Boa, Wild edible fungi, A global overview of their use and importance to people, Non-wood Forest Products 17, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation (2004) ISBN 92-5-105157-7
Quassima amara L.
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Rajania brasiliensis
plantsDioscoreaceaeedible植物ヤマノイモ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Rana catesbeiana
meatsRanidaeAmerican Bullfrogedible動物(肉)アカガエル科ウシガエルFAO Fishery Statistics (2006)
Randia spinosa
plantsRubiaceaemedicinal植物アカネ科Hamerski,Phytochem.,63,(2003),397
Renealmia chrysotrycha
plantsZingiberaceaemedicinal植物ショウガ科Kaplan,Phytochem.,55,(2000),749
Rhabdadenia biflora
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Rhammatocerus schistocercoides
insects(larvae, imagoes : insects)Acrididaeedible昆虫類(幼虫,成虫 : )バッタ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Rhammatocerus sp.
insects(larvae, imagoes : insects)Acrididaeedible昆虫類(幼虫,成虫 : )バッタ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Rheedia gardneriana
plantsHypericaceaeedible植物オトギリソウ科A.Begossi et al., J. Ethnobiol. 13,(1993),233-256
Rheedia macrophylla
plantsHypericaceaeedible植物オトギリソウ科M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Rhinobatos horkelii
seafoodRhinobatidaeBrazilian guitarfishedible魚介類サカタザメ科Silvia Salas et al (Ed), Coastal fisheries of latin America and the Caribbean, FAO, 544 (2011)
Rhinostomus barbirostris
insects(larvae, pupas : insects)Curculionidaeedible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹 : )ゾウムシ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Rhizophora mangle
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Rhomboplites aurorubens
seafoodLutjanidaeVermilion snapperedible魚介類フエダイ科ベニフエダイ
バーミリオンスナッパー
Silvia Salas et al (Ed), Coastal fisheries of latin America and the Caribbean, FAO, 544 (2011)
Rhynchophorus cruentatus
insects(larvae : insects)Rhynchophoridaeedible昆虫類(幼虫 : )オサゾウムシ科ヤシオサゾウムシの1種Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Rhynchophorus palmarum
insects(larvae, pupas : insects)Rhynchophoridaeedible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹 : )オサゾウムシ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Ricinus communis L.
plantsEuphorbiaceaemedicinal植物トウダイグサ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Takito,Medicinal plant,3rd edition (in JPN),Hirokawa Publishing CO.,(2007)
Rollinia sylvatica
plantsAnnonaceaeedible植物バンレイシ科ロリニア・シルバチカU. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Rubus imperialis
plantsRosaceaemedicinal植物バラ科R.Niero,J.Nat.Prod.,62,(1999),1145
Rubus imperialis
plantsRosaceaeedible植物バラ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Rubus rosaefolius
plants(flowers)Rosaceaeedible植物バラ科A.Begossi et al., J. Ethnobiol. 13,(1993),233-256
Rubus sellowii
plantsRosaceaeedible植物バラ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Rudgea viburnioides
medicinalM.Claudia,J.Nat.Prod.,61,(1998),936
Ruta graveolens L.
plantsRutaceaemedicinal植物ミカン科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Saccharum officinarum
plantsPoaceaemedicinal植物イネ科サトウキビMedicinal Plants of the World by Ivan A.Ross,Vol.3,ISBN 978-1-58829-129-5.
Saccharum officinarum
plantsPoaceaeedible植物イネ科サトウキビA.Begossi et al., J. Ethnobiol. 13,(1993),233-256
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Saccharum olfficinarum Linn.
plantsPoaceaemedicinal植物イネ科Abani,(2007),Medicinal Plants & Their Uses(2)Published(2007) by ABOSARBangladesh). ISBN 984-415-220-8
Salacia dulcis
plantsCelastraceaeedible植物ニシキギ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Sambucus nigra L.
plantsCaprifoliaceaemedicinal植物スイカズラ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Sansevieria trifasciata
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Sardinella brasiliensis
seafoodClupeidaeedible魚介類ニシン科ブラジルサッパSilvia Salas et al (Ed), Coastal fisheries of latin America and the Caribbean, FAO, 544 (2011)
Scaptotrigona nigrohirta
insects(larvae, pupas, honey storage, pollen : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹,貯蔵蜜,花粉 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Scaptotrigona polysticta
insects(larvae, pupas, honey storage, pollen : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹,貯蔵蜜,花粉 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Scaptotrigona postica
insects(honey storage : insects)edible昆虫類(貯蔵蜜 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Scaptotrigona tubiba
insects(honey storage : insects)edible昆虫類(貯蔵蜜 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Scaptotrigona xanthotricha
insects(larvae, pupas, honey storage, pollen : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹,貯蔵蜜,花粉 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Scaura longula
insects(larvae, pupas : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Schinus dependens
plantsAnacardiaceaeedible植物ウルシ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Schinus molle
plantsAnacardiaceaePeruvian peppertree
California peppertree
medicinal植物ウルシ科レッド・ペッパー
コショウボク
Schimidt,J.Ethnopharmacol.,122,(2009),523
Schinus terebinthifolius
plantsAnacardiaceaeedible植物ウルシ科サンショウモドキM. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Schistocerca cancellata
insects(imagoes : insects)Acrididaeedible昆虫類(成虫 : )バッタ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Schistocerca paranensis
insects(larvae, imagoes : insects)Acrididaeedible昆虫類(幼虫,成虫 : )バッタ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Schistocerca sp.
insects(larvae, imagoes : insects)Acrididaeedible昆虫類(幼虫,成虫 : )バッタ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Schmidelia edulis
plantsSapindaceaeedible植物ムクロジ科ムクロジ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Schunus terebinthifolius
medicinalLima,J.Ethnopharmacol.,105,(2006),137
Scoparia dulcis
plantsPlantaginaceaeedible植物オオバコ科スコパリア・デュリキス
セイタカカナビキソウ
シマカナビキソウ
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Scoparia dulcis L.
plantsPlantaginaceaemedicinal植物オオバコ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Sechium edule
plants(roots)Cucurbitaceaechayote
christophene
mirliton
vegetable pear
edible植物ウリ科ハヤトウリ
センナリウリ
センナリ
チャヨテ
A.Begossi et al., J. Ethnobiol. 13,(1993),233-256
Sedum dendroideum
plantsCrassulaceaemedicinal植物ベンケイソウ科Schimidt,J.Ethnopharmacol.,122,(2009),523
Senna occidentalis L.
plantsFabaceaemedicinal植物マメ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Senna reticulata
plantsFabaceaemedicinal植物マメ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Serjania lethalis
medicinalLima,J.Ethnopharmacol.,105,(2006),137
Sesamum indicum L.
plantsPedaliaceaemedicinal植物ゴマ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Sesamum orientale
plantsPedaliaceaeedible植物ゴマ科ゴマ
胡麻
セサミ
M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Sicana odorifera
plantsCucurbitaceaeedible植物ウリ科シカナU. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Simarouba amara
medicinalLima,J.Ethnopharmacol.,105,(2006),137
Simulium rubithorax
insects(larvae, imagoes : insects)Simuliidaeedible昆虫類(幼虫,成虫 : )ブユ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Siparuna guianensis
medicinalLeitao,Phytochem.,55,(2000),679
Sloanea dentata
plantsElaeocarpaceaeedible植物ホルトノキ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Solanum agrarium
plantsSolanaceaeedible植物ナス科M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Solanum gilo
plantsSolanaceaeedible植物ナス科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Solanum humboldtii
plantsSolanaceaeedible植物ナス科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Solanum lycocarpum St.-Hil.
plantsSolanaceaemedicinal植物ナス科Yoshikawa,J.Nat.Prod.,70,(2007),210
Solanum melongena
plantsSolanaceaeEggplantedible植物ナス科ナス
ナスビ
ヤマトマルナス
M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Solanum pimpinellifolium
plantsSolanaceaeedible植物ナス科ソラナム・ピンピネリフォリウムU. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Solanum sessiliflorum
plantsSolanaceaeedible植物ナス科ココナU. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Solanum sisymbrifolium
plantsSolanaceaemedicinal植物ナス科Svetaz,J.Ethnopharmacol.,127,(2010),137
Solanum tuberosum
plantsSolanaceaepotatoedible植物ナス科ジャガイモ
ニドイモ
A.Begossi et al., J. Ethnobiol. 13,(1993),233-256
INTERNATIONAL YEAR OF THE POTATO 2008 New light on a hidden treasure,(2009)ISBN978-92-5-306142-8
Sorghum vulgare
plantsPoaceaeedible植物イネ科サトウモロコシ
ソルゴー
スイートソルガム
ロゾク
蘆粟
モロコシ
ナミモロコシ
ソルガム
マイロ
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Spartina alterniflora
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Spermacoce verticillata
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Sphagneticola brachycarpa
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Spilanthes oleracea
plantsAsteraceaemedicinal植物キク科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Spondias mombim
plantsAnacardiaceaemedicinal植物ウルシ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Spondias purpurea
plantsAnacardiaceaeedible植物ウルシ科スポンディアス・プルプレア
レッドモンビン
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Spondias tuberosa
plants(roots)Anacardiaceaeedible植物ウルシ科イムブーM. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Stachys byzantima
plantsLamiaceaemedicinal植物シソ科Duarte,J.Ethnopharmacol.,111,(2007),197
Stachys byzantina
plantsLamiaceaemedicinal植物シソ科M.C.T.Duarte et al.,J.Ethnopharmacol.,97,(2005),305
Stachytarpheta cayennensis
plantsVerbenaceaemedicinal植物クマツヅラ科Duarte,J.Ethnopharmacol.,111,(2007),197
Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
M.C.T.Duarte et al.,J.Ethnopharmacol.,97,(2005),305
Stenodontes damicornis
insects(larvae : insects)Cerambycidaeedible昆虫類(幼虫 : )カミキリムシ科トゲフチウスバカミキリの1種Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Sterculia carthaginensis
plantsMalvaceaeedible植物アオイ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Sterculia chicha
plantsMalvaceaeedible植物アオイ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Stevia rebaudiana
plantsAsteraceaesweetleafmedicinal植物キク科ステビアM.C.T.Duarte et al.,J.Ethnopharmacol.,97,(2005),305
南米薬用植物ガイドブック PART.1、南米薬用ハーブ普及会、(2001)、ISBN 978-4990081706
Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni
plantsAsteraceaeedible植物キク科ステビアTerai,Chem.Pharm.Bull.,50,(2002),1007
Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni
plantsAsteraceaemedicinal植物キク科ステビアTakito,Medicinal plant,3rd edition (in JPN),Hirokawa Publishing CO.,(2007)
Strategus sp.
insects(larvae, imagoes : insects)Scarabaeidaeedible昆虫類(幼虫,成虫 : )コガネムシ科ミツノカブトムシの1種Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Strychnos pseudo-quina
plantsLoganiaceaeedible植物マチン科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Stryphnodendron adstringens
medicinalde Mello,Phytochem.,51,(1999),1105
Syagrus comosa
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科シアグルス・コモサJ. Haynes and J. Mclaughlin, Edible palms and their uses, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50 of the UF/Miami-Dade County Extension office (2000)
J. Haynes, J. McLaughlin, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50-1, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science, Edible palms and their uses, (2000)
Syagrus coronata
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科コバナスジミココヤシ
シアグルス・コロナタ
J. Haynes and J. Mclaughlin, Edible palms and their uses, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50 of the UF/Miami-Dade County Extension office (2000)
J. Haynes, J. McLaughlin, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50-1, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science, Edible palms and their uses, (2000)
M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Syagrus oleracea
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科ワカメスジミココヤシJ. Haynes and J. Mclaughlin, Edible palms and their uses, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50 of the UF/Miami-Dade County Extension office (2000)
J. Haynes, J. McLaughlin, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50-1, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science, Edible palms and their uses, (2000)
Syagrus romanzoffiana
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科ジョオウヤシ
ジョウオウヤシ
ブラジルヤシ
ココス
J. Haynes and J. Mclaughlin, Edible palms and their uses, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50 of the UF/Miami-Dade County Extension office (2000)
J. Haynes, J. McLaughlin, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50-1, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science, Edible palms and their uses, (2000)
Syagrus schizophylla
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科アリクリヤシJ. Haynes and J. Mclaughlin, Edible palms and their uses, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50 of the UF/Miami-Dade County Extension office (2000)
J. Haynes, J. McLaughlin, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50-1, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science, Edible palms and their uses, (2000)
Syagrus smithii
plantsArecaceaeedible植物ヤシ科シアグルス・スミシーJ. Haynes and J. Mclaughlin, Edible palms and their uses, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50 of the UF/Miami-Dade County Extension office (2000)
J. Haynes, J. McLaughlin, Fact Sheet MDCE-00-50-1, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science, Edible palms and their uses, (2000)
Symphonia globulifera
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Symplocos alstonia
plantsSymplocaceaeedible植物ハイノキ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Synadenium umbellatum (SU) Pax
medicinalNogueira,J.Ethnopharmacol.,120,(2008),474
Syntermes pr. spinosus
insects(alate soldier ants : insects)Termitidaeedible昆虫類(有翅兵アリ : )シロアリ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Syntermes spp.
insects(imagoes, soldier ants, alate, heads : insects)Termitidaeedible昆虫類(成虫,兵アリ,有翅虫,頭部のみ : )シロアリ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Sysgium cumini
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Syzygium cumini
plantsMyrtaceaemedicinal植物フトモモ科ムラサキフトモモ
ジャンボラン
Medicinal Plants of the World by Ivan A.Ross,Vol.1,ISBN 1-58829-281-9.
Syzygium jambolanum
plantsMyrtaceaemedicinal植物フトモモ科Lima,J.Ethnopharmacol.,105,(2006),137
Syzygium jambos
plants(flowers)Myrtaceaeedible植物フトモモ科フトモモ
ホトウ
蒲桃
A.Begossi et al., J. Ethnobiol. 13,(1993),233-256
Tabebuia impetiginosa
plantsBignoniaceaeLapacho
Paud'arco
Ipe-roxa
medicinal植物ノウゼンカズラ科パウダルコWarashina,Chem.Pharm.Bull.,54,(2006),14
Warashina,Phytochem.,65,(2004),2003
Tabernaemontana angulata
plantsApocynaceaemedicinal植物キョウチクトウ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Tabernaemontana divaricata
plantsApocynaceaemedicinal植物キョウチクトウ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Tagetes erecta
plantsAsteraceaemedicinal植物キク科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Talinum paniculatum
plantsPortulacaceaeedible植物スベリヒユ科シュッコンハゼランM. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Talisia esculenta
plantsSapindaceaeedible植物ムクロジ科ピトンバM. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Talisia esculenta
plantsSapindaceaemedicinal植物ムクロジ科ピトンバLima,J.Ethnopharmacol.,105,(2006),137
Tamarindus indica L.
plantsFabaceaeTamarind
Indian date
medicinal植物マメ科タマリンドMedicinal Plants of the World by Ivan A.Ross,Vol.1,ISBN 1-58829-281-9.
Tanacetum parthenium
plantsAsteraceaeFeverfewmedicinal植物キク科ナツシロギク
マトリカリア
フィーバーフュー
Medicinal Plants of the World by Ivan A.Ross,Vol.2,ISBN 0-89603-877-7.
Tanacetum vulgare
plants(flavouring)AsteraceaeTansymedicinal植物キク科タンジー
エゾヨモギギク
ヨモギギク
エゾノヨモギギク
Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Tapirira guianensis
plantsAnacardiaceaeCedroiedible植物ウルシ科M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Tapirira guianensis
plantsAnacardiaceaeCedroimedicinal植物ウルシ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Termes flavicolle
insects(imagoes : insects)Termitidaeedible昆虫類(成虫 : )シロアリ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Terminalia catappa
plantsCombretaceaeedible植物シクンシ科モモタマナ
コバテイシ
シマボウ
シウボウ
A.Begossi et al., J. Ethnobiol. 13,(1993),233-256
Terminallia catappa
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Terminallia lucida Hoffmanns
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Tetracera willdenowiana subsp.willdenowiana
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Tetragona benneri
insects(larvae, pupas : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Tetragona fulviventris
insects(larvae, pupas : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Tetragona goettei
insects(larvae, pupas : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Tetragona quadrangula
insects(larvae, pupas : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Tetragona spinnipes
insects(larvae, pupas : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Tetragonia expansa
plantsAizoaceaeedible植物ハマミズナ科
ツルナ科
ツルナ
ハマナ
ハマヂシャ
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Tetragonisca angustula angustula
insects(larvae, pupas : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Tetragonisca branneri
insects(larvae, pupas, honeydew : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹,蜜 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Tetragonisca dorsalis
insects(larvae, pupas, honeydew : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹,蜜 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Tetramicra bicolor
plantsOrchidaceaeedible植物ラン科レプトテス・ビコロルU. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Theobroma cacao
plantsMalvaceae
Sterculiaceae
Cacao
Cocoa
Chocolate tree
edible植物アオイ科
アオギリ科
カカオU. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
USDA, freshfruits and vegetables (2012)
Theobroma cacao L.
plantsMalvaceae
Sterculiaceae
medicinal植物アオイ科
アオギリ科
カカオTakito,Medicinal plant,3rd edition (in JPN),Hirokawa Publishing CO.,(2007)
Theobroma speciosa
plantsMalvaceae
Sterculiaceae
edible植物アオイ科
アオギリ科
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Thymus vulgaris
plants(flavouring,edible)LamiaceaeGarden thyme
Common thyme
Thyme
medicinal植物シソ科タイム
タチジャコウ
タチジャコウソウ
キダチヒャクリコウ
M.C.T.Duarte et al.,J.Ethnopharmacol.,97,(2005),305
Thymus vulgaris L.
plantsLamiaceaemedicinal植物シソ科Duarte,J.Ethnopharmacol.,111,(2007),197
Titanacris albipes
insects(imagoes : insects)Acrididaeedible昆虫類(成虫 : )バッタ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Tobebuia avellanedae Lorentz ex Griseb.
medicinalByeon,J.Ethnopharmacol.,119,(2008),145
Tococa guianensis
plantsMelastomataceaeedible植物ノボタン科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Trametes cubensis
mushroomsPolyporaceaeedibleキノコタマチョレイタケ科トラメテス・キューベンシス
トラメテス・キュベンシス
E. Boa, Wild edible fungi, A global overview of their use and importance to people, Non-wood Forest Products 17, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation (2004) ISBN 92-5-105157-7
Trametes ochracea
mushroomsPolyporaceaeedibleキノコタマチョレイタケ科カワラタケモドキE. Boa, Wild edible fungi, A global overview of their use and importance to people, Non-wood Forest Products 17, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation (2004) ISBN 92-5-105157-7
Trichaptum trichomallum
mushroomsPolyporaceaeedibleキノコタマチョレイタケ科E. Boa, Wild edible fungi, A global overview of their use and importance to people, Non-wood Forest Products 17, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation (2004) ISBN 92-5-105157-7
Trichilia catigua J.
medicinalTang,J.Nat.Prod.,70,(2007),2010
Trigona amalthea
insects(larvae, pupas : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Trigona angustula
insects(larvae, pupas, honey storage, pollen : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹,貯蔵蜜,花粉 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Trigona branneri
insects(larvae, pupas, honey storage : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹,貯蔵蜜 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Trigona chanchamayoensis
insects(larvae, pupas, honey storage : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹,貯蔵蜜 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Trigona cilipes pellusida
insects(larvae, pupas, honey storage, pollen : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹,貯蔵蜜,花粉 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Trigona clavipes
insects(larvae, honey storage : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫,貯蔵蜜 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Trigona dallatorreana
insects(larvae, pupas, honey storage, pollen : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹,貯蔵蜜,花粉 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Trigona dorsalis
insects(larvae, pupas, honey storage : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹,貯蔵蜜 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Trigona flaveola
insects(honey storage : insects)edible昆虫類(貯蔵蜜 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Trigona fuscipennis
insects(eggs, larvae, pupas, honeydew : insects)edible昆虫類(卵,幼虫,蛹,蜜 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Trigona geniculata
insects(honey storage : insects)edible昆虫類(貯蔵蜜 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Trigona ghilianii
insects(larvae, pupas, honey storage, pollen : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹,貯蔵蜜,花粉 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Trigona hypogea
insects(larvae, pupas, honey storage, pollen : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹,貯蔵蜜,花粉 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Trigona leucogaster
insects(larvae, pupas, honey storage, pollen : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹,貯蔵蜜,花粉 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Trigona lurida
insects(larvae, pupas, honey storage : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹,貯蔵蜜 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Trigona mombuca
insects(honey storage : insects)edible昆虫類(貯蔵蜜 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Trigona muscaria
insects(honey storage : insects)edible昆虫類(貯蔵蜜 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Trigona pallens
insects(larvae, pupas : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Trigona recursa
insects(honey storage : insects)edible昆虫類(貯蔵蜜 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Trigona silvestrii
insects(larvae, pupas, honey storage, pollen : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹,貯蔵蜜,花粉 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Trigona spinipes
insects(larvae, pupas, honey storage, pollen : insects)edible昆虫類(幼虫,蛹,貯蔵蜜,花粉 : )ハリナシバチ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Tropaeolum majus
plantsTropaeolaceaemedicinal植物ノウゼンハレン科ナスタチウム
キンレンカ
ナスタチューム
M.C.T.Duarte et al.,J.Ethnopharmacol.,97,(2005),305
Tropaeolum pentaphyllum
plantsTropaeolaceaeedible植物ノウゼンハレン科トロパエオルム・ペンタフィラム
ペンタフィラム
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Tropidacris collaris
insects(imagoes : insects)Acrididaeedible昆虫類(成虫 : )バッタ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Turnera brasiliensis
plantsPassifloraceaemedicinal植物トケイソウ科
ターネラ科
Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Ucides cordatus
shrimps, crabsUcididaeedible動物(エビ、カニ)ウシデス・コルダツウス
マングローブカニ
マングローブクラブ
Silvia Salas et al (Ed), Coastal fisheries of latin America and the Caribbean, FAO, 544 (2011)
Ulomoides dermestoides
insects(larvae, imagoes : insects)Tenebrionidaeedible昆虫類(幼虫,成虫 : )ゴミムシダマシ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Umbonia spinosa
insects(larvae, imagoes : insects)Membracidaeedible昆虫類(幼虫,成虫 : )ツノゼミ科Jun Mitsuhashi,Sekai Konchu Daizen Yasakashobo, ,(2008)ISBN978-4-89694-920-9
Umbrina canosai
seafoodSciaenidaeedible魚介類ニベ科アルゼンチンクローカーSilvia Salas et al (Ed), Coastal fisheries of latin America and the Caribbean, FAO, 544 (2011)
Uncaria guianensis
plantsRubiaceaemedicinal植物アカネ科南米薬用植物ガイドブック PART.1、南米薬用ハーブ普及会、(2001)、ISBN 978-4990081706
Uncaria tomentosa
plantsRubiaceaemedicinal植物アカネ科南米薬用植物ガイドブック PART.1、南米薬用ハーブ普及会、(2001)、ISBN 978-4990081706
Urena lobata
medicinalDuarte,J.Ethnopharmacol.,111,(2007),197
Vatairea guianensis
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Vatairea macrocarpa
medicinalOliveira,J.Ethnopharmacol.,115,(2008),515
Vetiveria zizanioides L.
plantsPoaceaemedicinal植物イネ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Villaresia congonha
plantsCardiopteridaceaeedible植物ヤマイモモドキ科ビラレシア・コンゴンハU. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Virola oleifera
medicinalSartorelli,Phytochemistry,47,(1998),1003
Virola surinamensis
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Vismia guianensis
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Vitex agnus-castus L.
plantsLamiaceaemedicinal植物シソ科Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Vitex rufescens
plantsLamiaceaeedible植物シソ科M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Vitis spp.
plantsVitaceaeGrapeedible植物ブドウ科ブドウUSDA, freshfruits and vegetables (2012)
Vitis vinifera
plants(flower clusters : vegetable)VitaceaeMuscat
Grape vine
edible植物ブドウ科マスカット
ヨーロッパブドウ
オウシュウブドウ
A.Begossi et al., J. Ethnobiol. 13,(1993),233-256
Voandzeia subterranea
plantsFabaceaeedible植物マメ科フタゴマメ
バンバラマメ
M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Vouacapoua americana
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Waltheria douradinha
medicinalSchimidt,J.Ethnopharmacol.,122,(2009),523
Waltheria douradinha St Hil
medicinalSolange,Phytochem.,66,(2005),1163
Waltheria indica L.
medicinalFerreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Wedelia paludosa
medicinalSvetaz,J.Ethnopharmacol.,127,(2010),137
Xanthium cavanillesii
plantsAsteraceaemedicinal植物キク科Schimidt,J.Ethnopharmacol.,122,(2009),523
Ximenia americana
plants(flower petals : eaten)Olacaceaeedible植物オラクス科ハマナツメモドキ
タローナッツ
M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Xiphopenaeus kroyeri
shrimps, crabsPenaeidaeedible動物(エビ、カニ)クルマエビ科アトランティックシーボブ
大西洋シーボブ
シーボブ
Silvia Salas et al (Ed), Coastal fisheries of latin America and the Caribbean, FAO, 544 (2011)
Xylopia frutescens
plantsAnnonaceaeedible植物バンレイシ科M. Franco et al., J. Ethnobiol. and Ethnomedicine,10,(2014),15
Xylopia sericea
plantsAnnonaceaeedible植物バンレイシ科U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Zea mays
plants(young tassels,pollen,fresh succulent silks : eaten)PoaceaeCorn
Ornamental maize
Sweet corn
edible植物イネ科トウモロコシ
ナンバンキビ
トウキビ
ヤングコーン
ベビーコーン
A.Begossi et al., J. Ethnobiol. 13,(1993),233-256
USDA, freshfruits and vegetables (2012)
U. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
Zea mays L.
plantsPoaceaemedicinal植物イネ科トウモロコシ
ナンバンキビ
トウキビ
ヤングコーン
ベビーコーン
Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Takito,Medicinal plant,3rd edition (in JPN),Hirokawa Publishing CO.,(2007)
Zingiber officinale
plantsZingiberaceaeGingermedicinal植物ショウガ科ショウガ
コショウガ
ハジカミ
クレノハジカミ
ジンジャー
Ferreia,J.Ethnopharmacol.,126,(2009),159
Medicinal Plants of the World by Ivan A.Ross,Vol.3,ISBN 978-1-58829-129-5.
Zizyphus joazeiro
plantsRhamnaceaeedible植物クロウメモドキ科ジジフスジョアゼイロU. P. Hedrick, Sturtevants Edible Plants of the World, (1919), The Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
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